Carbohydrate Diet; Patients with type 2 diabetes improve their ability to regulate blood sugar levels if they eat food with a reduced carbohydrate content and an increased share of protein and fat. This is shown by a recent study conducted at Bispebjerg Hospital in collaboration with, among other partners, Aarhus University and the Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports at the University of Copenhagen. The findings are contrary to the conventional dietary recommendations for type 2 diabetics.
Reduced carbohydrate diet
Nutritional therapy is important to treat the type 2 diabetes optimally, but the recommendations are unclear. According to the Danish Health Authority, up to 85% of newly diagnose patients with type 2 diabetes are overweight; also they are typically advise to follow a diet focus on weight loss: containing less calories than they burn, low fat content and a high content of carbohydrates with a low ‘glycaemic index’ (which indicates how quickly a food affects blood sugar levels).
A central aspect in the treatment of type 2 diabetes is the patient’s ability to regulate their blood sugar levels, and new research now indicates that a diet with a reduce carbohydrate content and an increase share of protein; also fat improves the patient’s ability to regulate his or her blood sugar levels compare with the conventional dietary recommendations. In addition, it reduces liver fat content and also has a beneficial effect on fat metabolism in type 2 diabetics.
“The study shows that by reducing the share of carbohydrates; so in the diet and increasing the share of protein and fat; so you can both treat high blood sugar and reduce liver fat content. Further intensive research is need in order to optimise our dietary recommendations for patients with type 2 diabetes,” says Thure Krarup; so stressing that the findings should be confirm in large-scale, long-term controll trials.
High protein diet
The findings of the study have publish in the article “A carbohydrate-reduce high-protein diet improves HbA1c and liver fat content in weight stable subjects with type 2 diabetes: a randomize control trial” in the renown scientific journal ‘Diabetologia‘. The study forms part of CutDM, which support by a grant of DKK 4 million from Arla Food for Health examines; whether a diet with reduce carbohydrate content and increase protein and fat content improves type 2 patients’ blood sugar regulation.
28 patients with type 2 diabetes participate; so in the study over a total period of 12 weeks. For six weeks, the patients were give a conventional diabetes diet with a high carbohydrate content; also for the other six weeks, they were given a diet with a reduce carbohydrate content; so high protein content and moderately increase fat content. The patients were given the diet types in random order.
The study was conduct in a partnership between the Department of Endocrinology at Bispebjerg Hospital; so the Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports at the University of Copenhagen; the Department of Radiology at Herlev and Gentofte Hospital; the Department of Clinical Medicine at Aarhus University; Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Basic Metabolic Research at the University of Copenhagen; the Department of Endocrinology at Amager and Hvidovre Hospitals and the Department of Medicine at Amager and Hvidovre Hospitals.