Cardiovascular disease risk is increasing as by changing the lifestyle in urban areas. Based on the study results, the investigators found that Kathmandu urban populations are at the high prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors. The findings were published in the Nepal Heart Journal.
The prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors- insufficient physical exercise; high waist circumference, obesity, hypertension, tobacco consumption, dyslipidemia was studied by researchers. Dyslipidemia is an abnormal amount of lipids in the blood and diabetes- in a randomly selected sample size of 130 in densely populated urban Kathmandu.
Bogati, et al., conducted a study to determine the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors among the residents of the urban community of Kathmandu municipality. A total of 130 patients, aged 18 years or above (with a mean age of 46.62, among them 70[53.8%] were male) from the voters' list of ward no.22 of Kathmandu were included in the study.
The lead author, Dr Amrit Bogati said, "The prevalence rate of some risk factors related to sedentary lifestyle was alarmingly high in the study area." He added, "Insufficient physical activity prevailed in 69% of the population, while high waist circumference prevailed in 68% of the population and obesity prevailed in 59% of the population."
A group of doctors at the Shahid Gangalal National Heart Centre carried out research on the prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors in urban areas of Nepal. The doctors contributed an effort on research-based knowledge in the area as very little research was done on this subject. Significantly, the prevalence of other cardiovascular disease risk factors hypertension (38%), tobacco consumption (38%), dyslipidaemia (22%) and diabetes (17%) were also high in the study area.
The findings may not be quite representative of the overall situation in Nepal since the research has been done with a small population in one part of Kathmandu. Dr Bogati now plans to continue the study in other areas of Kathmandu.
Dr Bogati said, "Our observation is that Shaheed Gangalal National Hearth Centre also receives a lot of cases from the villages and Terai where sedentary lifestyle should not have been a problem. We should do more research in different areas so that we can have a better idea of the situation."
The study concludes that effective preventive measures should be taken to prevent the widespread of cardiovascular diseases in Nepal. He suggests that routine health check-up and sensitization from central level for better health practices must be done in order to reduce the risk factors and protect the patients from cardiovascular diseases.