Tuberculosis is an infectious disease usually causing by Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria. As Tuberculosis is the most common cause of death comparing to the HIV death rate; according to the World Health Organization (WHO).
The study on the dual infection by HIV and Tuberculosis is a notorious killer. A patient how was examined like weighing a skeletal 37 kilogrammes (82 pounds); the HIV-positive motor mechanic knew something was wrong. This suggesting the follow the further examination and diagnosing with dual infections like HIV and tuberculosis.
In a country where more than a dozen people die each day from TB-related sicknesses, it was a rare example of efficient public healthcare. Among the million-plus people living with HIV in Zimbabwe, TB is the most common cause of death.
HIV and tuberculosis infections
The Rutsanana Polyclinic in Harare’s poor suburb of Glen Norah, which is one of 10 pilot clinics in the country offering free diagnosis and treatment for TB, diabetes and HIV. HIV-positive people, and others with weakened immune systems, are particularly vulnerable to contracting the infection.
In a country where public health services have practically collapsed, containing the spread of TB has been a persistent struggle. Zimbabwe has been stuck in a catastrophic economic and financial crisis for decades and its doctors are underpaid and under equipped.
Infections in Zimbabwe
Although TB treatment is free, the annual number of TB infections in Zimbabwe remains among the highest in the world. The contagious infection is usually finding in the lungs; and is caught by breathing in the bacteria from tiny droplets sneezed or coughed out. As HIV-positive people are so vulnerable to TB, the clinics have followed the advice of WHO officials to link TB testing and treatment with HIV prevention programs.
Instead of going to seek diabetic care at one clinic and TB care at another, they are able to get these services in one place; Because services are free they are able to cut down on what we call catastrophic costs to the TB patients. The vast majority of the population have no access to the one stop clinics.