tropical medicine

Malaria is a serious but sometimes life-threatening tropical disease that spreads through parasite; But some transmitted through infected  female anopheles mosquitoes;but it is preventable and curable.

There are almost some 400 different species of Anopheles mosquito;around 30 are malaria vectors of major importance. But some of the important vector species bite between the dusk and dawn; the intensity of  some transmission depends on factors related to the some parasite; the vector, the human host, and the environment.

But some systematic review of  ‘social determination of health’ have applied in malaria studies ;But some coming to the methods systematic review of original studies published from 1980 to 2018 and by referring Six search strategies used in 10 multidisciplinary databases; and in libraries, repositories of seven universities in Colombia, Brazil, Peru and Ecuador.

Greater malaria risk was found in adults, some overcrowded; located in forested areas;people who do not take preventive measures and people who are often outdoors at night. Intermediate determinants were dwellings with poor physical and sanitary infrastructure.

Total malaria cases in 2017

But some studies published from 1984 to 2017 met pre-established inclusion and exclusion criteria; 33 social determinants of malaria have been identifying . WHO African Region carrying  disproportionately high share of the malaria.Malaria cases in 2017, have  found to be 92% of malaria cases and 93% of malaria deaths.

National malaria control programmer need to take some special measures to protect these population groups from malaria infection; taking into consideration their specific circumstances. But no studies were found that used Latin American social medicine approaches or that applied the World Health Organization’s[WHO] hierarchical and multilevel analysis for individual, intermediate, and structural determinants.

Prisma and strobe guidelines

But according to Word Health association Organisation[WHO], malaria is caused high in economic losses and sanitary infrastructures ; Concerning socioeconomic determinants . It results some humans are in greater risk of having involved in agro-forestry activities, migrants, and those with low income and a low educational level.

Malaria caused some high economic losses and led to poverty and educational delay. But some methodological quality has evaluated according to PRISMA and STROBE criteria and the qualitative synthesis of the results have performed. The Prisma and strobe guidelines has used, and qualitative summary of the results has conducted.

The stronger malarial surveillance systems has some urgently needed to enable a timely and effective malaria response in the endemic regions; to prevent some outbreak and resurgences, to track progress, and to hold governments and the global malaria community accountable.

No progress has made in the analysis of social categories-territory, social class, gender, ethnic group, macroeconomic policies-or other socioeconomic characteristics that determine risk of illness or death from malaria.