Association Between Kissing And Oropharyngeal Gonorrhoea

Gonorrhea commonly known as sexually transmitted disease; This study aimed to prove the association between kissing and oropharyngeal gonorrhoea among gay and bisexual men who have sex with men. However, the rise in gonorrhoea cases among gay and bisexual men who have sex with men (MSM) is of substantial public health concern worldwide.

As per research studies there is no empirical study have investigating on the significant proportion of oropharyngeal gonorrhoea; obtaining cases via oropharynx-to-oropharynx transmission (i.e., tongue-kissing). Testing all the specimens by nucleic acid amplification test (NAAT) for N. gonorrhoeae.

Computer-Assisted Self-Interview

Coming to the study all new patients and returning patients;  asked to complete a questionnaire using a computer-assisted self-interview (CASI); which collects information on demographics and sexual practices. However, both studies only examined kissing during sex, and neither study examined whether kissing occurred without sex.

Accordingly, this study expecting to prove whether tongue-kissing (henceforth referred to as kissing) either alone or associated with sex is a risk factor for oropharyngeal gonorrhoea among MSM.In this study MSM are defined as men who have had any sexual contact with another man in the last 12 months. Transgender individuals were not eligible to participate in this survey.

Laboratory Diagnosis Of Gonorrhoea

In this study MSM are defining men as who have had any sexual contact with another man in the last 12 months. Transgender individuals were not eligible to participate in this survey. collecting demographic characteristics (e.g., age and country of birth), known gonorrhoea contact, HIV status, and laboratory diagnosis of gonorrhoea as part of routine clinical care.

Oropharyngeal and anal swabs were taken with the swabs provided by the manufacturer. First pass urine samples were also collected. However, a mathematical model published in 2017 has suggested that the transmission from the urethra to the oropharynx or the anorectal represents only a relatively small proportion of these incident infections.

Survey For Oropharyngeal Gonorrhoea

This study involving a total of 3677 men completing the survey and were testing for oropharyngeal gonorrhoea. Their median age was 30 (IQR 25–37) and 6.2% (n=229) had oropharyngeal gonorrhoea. Men had a mean number of 4.3 kissing-only; 1.4 sex-only, and 5.0 kissing-with sex partners in the last 3 months. Kissing-only and kissing-with-sex were associating with oropharyngeal gonorrhoea; but sex-only was not first empiric evidence that gonorrhoea; but some will be transmitting from one man’s oropharynx to another man’s oropharynx through tongue-kissing.

The adjusted odds for having oropharyngeal gonorrhoea were 1.46-fold (95% CI 1.04 to 2.06) for men with ≥4 kissing-only partners and 1.81-fold (95% CI 1.17 to 2.79) for men with ≥4 kissing-with-sex partner. However, these  study data suggesting that kissing may be associated with transmission of oropharyngeal gonorrhoea in MSM; irrespective of whether sex also occurs.