All news from Venereology

HIV

Connecting ARV Drugs With Liver Disease

As a raft of new treatments for HIV infection have come on the market in the past 20 years, AIDS patients got access to drugs that allowed them to live longer. “These drugs are miracles,” said Dr. Richard N. Greenberg. “Before the advent of anti-retroviral drugs, HIV infection was a death sentence. Now, taken properly,…

AIDS

HIV Cure Strategies: Tool To Measure Success

Scientists funded by the National Institutes of Health have developed a new assay to accurately and easily count the cells that comprise the HIV reservoir, the stubborn obstacle to an HIV cure. So, this advance will enable researchers who are trying to eliminate the HIV reservoir to clearly understand whether their strategies are working. The…

AIDS

HIV-Positive Women: Less Likely To Be Treated For Cervical Pre-cancer

Women living with HIV are more likely than HIV-negative women to have residual or recurring abnormal cells after treatment for pre-cancerous cervical lesions, according to research recently published in Clinical Infectious Diseases. This systematic review and meta-analysis found that treatment for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), or abnormal cells that could progress to cancer, was nearly three…

Children Living With HIV Are Not Aware of Their Illness In Malawi

Almost two thirds of children living with HIV in Malawi were not informed about their HIV status by their primary caregivers, new research led by Curtin University found. The research, published in the journal PLOS ONE, found that the child's lack of ability to cope with the news, a lack of knowledge on how to disclose the condition, and a fear of stigma and discrimination were the main reasons for non-disclosure by the primary caregiver.

Adolescent School Students: Made Aware Of HIV-AIDS

The Odisha AIDS Control Society has launched a programme to sensitize adolescent students in schools on HIV, AIDS and sexual transmission diseases, an official said. The adolescent education programme was launched in Ganjam district, having the highest number of HIV positive persons in the state. The children will be made aware of the cause of the spread of STDs by the teachers in the district, AIDS control programme officer in Ganjam, Hemant Sahu, said here. 

Text Message To Truck Drivers: For HIV Self-testing

Truck drivers in sub-Saharan Africa are especially vulnerable to infection with HIV due to contact with multiple sexual partners—often including sex workers—along their trucking routes. Accessing HIV testing can be a challenge for truckers due to their mobility and long working hours, as well as concerns about confidentiality and stigma.

HIV Undetectable = Untransmittable: Clinical Evidence Confirms

Many HIV-positive people are unaware that they are infected with the virus. For example, in 2001 less than 1% of the sexually active urban population in Africa had been tested, and this proportion is even lower in rural populations. Furthermore, in 2001 only 0.5% of pregnant women attending urban health facilities were counselled, tested or receive their test results. Again, this proportion is even lower in rural health facilities. Since donors may therefore be unaware of their infection, donor blood and blood products used in medicine and medical research are routinely screened for HIV.

HIV protein improves viral survival

A study from a Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) research team has identified the specific function of a protein found in HIV and related viruses that appears to slow down viral spread in the earliest stages of infection. But they also found that, after initially slowing down the spread of infection, that function may help the virus survive later on by evading the immune response. Their report has been published in Cell Host & Microbe.