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AIDS

Privacy Concerns Keep Men From HIV Testing

Privacy concerns linked to both health facilities and providers are major barriers to increasing the number of men who are tested and treated for HIV in Cote d’Ivoire, suggests new Johns Hopkins Center for Communication Programs (CCP) research. CCP is based at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. The findings, published in the…

AIDS

Cellular HIV-reservoirs To Self-destruction

While current therapies for HIV can successfully manage active infection, the virus can survive in tissue reservoirs, including macrophage cells, and remain a persistent problem. Now, Dr. David Russell, William Kaplan Professor of Infection Biology at Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine, and his research team have pinpointed a novel angle of attack that could…

AIDS

Exposure To HIV Virus, Treatment Before Birth

Teens and young adults; exposed to HIV and antiretroviral therapy before birth; but are HIV-negative themselves are; at increased risk of obesity and asthma-like symptoms; according to research; presented at ENDO 2019, the Endocrine Society’s annual meeting in New Orleans, La. “These findings imply that all children of mothers with HIV—even the large proportion who…

HIV patients with opioid dependence

Naltrexone Implant Helps HIV Patients

When patients with HIV who are also battling opioid dependence go without addiction treatment, they are more likely to stop taking their HIV medications than drug-free patients. While the daily oral form of naltrexone—a drug that blunts the effects of opioids—is one option to treat opioid dependence, medication adherence among drug users is known to…

AIDS

Young Adults: To Engage In Unsafe Sex

Gender, sexual orientation, and the desire to form lasting romantic relationships appear to influence sexual risk-taking among young adults, according to a new research published in the Journal of Sex Research. As far as the researchers are aware, this is the first study to directly compare; how heterosexual men, heterosexual women, and men who have sex…

AIDS

Nearly 4 In 10 US HIV Infections: People Are Unaware

Almost 40 percent of new HIV cases in the US occur because people do not know they are infected, while a similar proportion know but are not in treatment, according to a study. The report by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is based on 2016 data and aims to bolster a strategy…

AIDS

Drinking Linked To HIV

Youth living in the slums of Uganda; infected with both HIV and sexually transmitted infections; are more likely to engage in problem drinking, according to a study led by Georgia State University. HIV prevalence among individuals living in Uganda is high, and Uganda is one of the few countries where HIV rates are increasing rather…

AIDS

'Highly Significant' Results Of HIV Transmission Study Released

Positive results from a University of Liverpool led research project; that aims to reduce mother to child transmission of HIV have been presented; at the Annual international Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI). DolPHIN-2, a consortium led by the University; seeks to reduce mother-to-child transmission of HIV; during pregnancy, childbirth, and breastfeeding; in women most at…

AIDS

A Significant Impact On HIV Care Outcomes

Hurricane Maria in San Juan; Puerto Rico had a significant impact on HIV outcomes among people; living with HIV and a history of substance use, particularly increased viral load and decreased CD4 counts, according to early data just released by Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, University of Puerto Rico, University of Miami, Puerto…

AIDS

Viral Suppression Among People New To HIV Care

Eighty-six percent of individuals who entered HIV care soon after diagnosis maintained viral suppression after 48 weeks during a clinical trial conducted at four National Institutes of Health (NIH)-funded Centers for AIDS Research (CFARs) across the United States. Participants in the clinical trial, called iENGAGE, achieved viral suppression in an average of just 63 days.…

AIDS

New Chromatography: Understanding of Retroviral Infections

Due to their simultaneous expression, enveloped virus-like particles (VLPs) and extracellular vesicles (EVs) are difficult to distinguish and separate for analytical purposes. In addition to their co-expression, EVs and VLPs exhibit morphological, biophysical and molecular similarities. To address this separation challenge, researchers recently devised a two-step chromatography method that can isolate VLPs and EVs for…

AIDS

Hepatitis C Cases Down HIV

The researchers behind the study believe that regular screening and improved access to new treatments; have contributed to greatly reducing the transmission of the infection. They also believe that if this progress can be maintained London; will be on track to achieve the targets set out by the British HIV Association; to eliminate Hepatitis C…