Children who recall pain that is higher than initially report are more likely to report more pain and distress during future pain experiences. These negatively biased memories, form early in life; so set the stage for how individuals cope with pain and approach or avoid medical care into adulthood.
Considerable research has show that how parents reminisce with children about emotional events influences the accuracy of children’s own memory development. But so far no studies have investigate the influence of parent-child reminiscing; so about past painful events on the development of biases in children’s recall of pain.
Higher levels of overall parent
A higher proportion of statement elaborations (that is; so utterances containing new information) was associate with more positively bias recall of pain-relate fear on days 1-3. Higher levels of overall parent use of elaboration were with more positively bias recall of pain-relate fear on day 1 after surgery.
Greater parental use of words relate to positive emotions and emotions in general was significantly associate with more positively bias recall of days 1-3 pain intensity; so whereas a higher proportion of pain-relate words was tied to more negatively bias recall of day-of-surgery pain intensity and pain-relate fear. The same was true of child narrative content.
Recall biases and narrative styles did not differ significantly between boys and girls; also children of fathers versus mothers did not differ in their recall of pain. Fathers use explanations more often than mothers; so children of fathers use more words related to negative emotions (compared with children of mothers).
Fathers used negative-emotion words similarly with boys and girls; so whereas mothers use negative-emotion words more frequently with boys than with girls. Boys use pain-relate words with the same frequency when talking with mothers and fathers, whereas girls use more pain-relate words when reminiscing with mothers than with fathers.
Findings underscore the importance
Taken together, the researchers note, these findings underscore the importance of parent-child reminiscing; so about painful events in influencing children’s subsequent pain memory development and begin to isolate specific narrative elements that are link to negative biases in children’s pain memories. From a clinical perspective; so they do not believe that this research suggests that parents should not reminisce with their children about pain,” they write.
Rather, it points to how parents may most adaptively reminisce about past painful experiences; so to potentially buffer against children developing negatively bias pain memories. By using an elaborative reminiscing style; so parents engage their children in a rich discussion about their past experience, filling in new details; so encouraging and fostering a coherent narrative about this past experience; also coconstructing the meaning of that experience,” they explain.
Moreover, talking about painful experiences need not over focus; so on the sensory and affective aspects of pain itself but rather emphasize other aspects of the overall experience. This research underscores the importance of parent-child reminiscing in children’s pain memory; hence development and may be use to inform the development of a parent-led memory; so reframing intervention to improve pediatric pain management,” the authors conclude.