UCLA biologists have discovered how head injuries adversely affect individual cells and genes that can lead to serious brain disorders. The life scientists provide the first cell "atlas" of the hippocampus the part of the brain that helps regulate learning and memory when it is affected by traumatic brain injury.
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In a clinical trial involving 18,924 patients from 57 countries who had suffered a recent heart attack or threatened heart attack, researchers at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus and fellow scientists around the world have found that the cholesterol-lowering drug alirocumab reduced the chance of having additional heart problems or stroke.
A person's sex hormones may play a role in trauma survival, according to a Kansas State University researcher who has received a $650,000 grant from the U.S. Department of Defense. Sherry Fleming, professor of biology, is using the three-year grant to study the differences between men and women and how their hormones affect the ways they respond to medication and surgery after a traumatic event.
The sharp and sudden pain from an aortic dissection, along with the emergency treatment that follows, can lead to post-traumatic stress disorder years later, a new study finds. An aortic dissection is a life-threatening condition in which a tear in the wall of the aorta the major artery carrying blood out of the heart allows blood to rush between the wall's layers
Accidents on sofas and beds are now the leading cause of injury for children aged 4 years and younger in the U.S. and a leading cause of trauma for infants, new research suggests. The researchers analyzed a decade of data on injuries treated in emergency rooms from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System of the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission.
People who experience major injuries requiring hospital admissions, such as car crashes and falls, are at substantially increased risk of being admitted to hospital for mental health disorders, found a study in CMAJ(Canadian Medical Association Journal).
Trauma may rank alongside tobacco use, binge drinking, and overeating as a potential risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in lesbian and bisexual women, new research suggests. Among more than 500 sexual-minority women, childhood trauma, including abuse and parental neglect, was as an independent risk factor for diabetes, increasing the odds by 58%.
Increasing the calorie intake for an intensive care patient does not improve their chances of survival. Presented on Monday afternoon at the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine (ESICM) congress in Paris, the study involved almost 4,000 patients across 46 intensive care units (ICUs) in Australia and New Zealand.
Optimal calorie delivery during critical illness is uncertain and patients typically receive only 50-60% recommended requirements.
Critically ill patients in intensive care units (ICUs), according to the National Institute on Aging, part of the National Institutes of Health. The multi-site team that conducted the trial found no evidence that treatment with antipsychotic medicines-haloperidol or ziprasidone-affected delirium, survival, length of ICU or hospital stay or safety.
The findings from the Modifying the Incidence of Delirium USA (MIND USA). The study was published in the New England Journal of Medicine.
Its long been a concern for doctors caring for critically ill patients – just how important is nutrition to patient survival and how much food is optimal to maximize their recovery? Now combined New Zealand and Australian research called the TARGET study, the largest Intensive Care nutrition trial ever was undertaken.
The study shows current efforts from intensive care staff to ensure critically ill patients receive their recommended ‘goal’ calorie intake may be unnecessary and make no difference to patient survival or recovery.
Among patients in the intensive care unit (ICU), 4.2% of admissions have at least one note reflecting financial considerations. The study was published in JAMA Network Open.
Researchers characterized the prevalence and nature of financial considerations documented in narrative clinical records. Data were analyzed from individuals hospitalized from June 1, 2001, to Oct. 31, 2012; 46,146 index ICU admissions were included.
Clinician praised for saving lives in intensive care through research. Thousands of patients in Intensive Care Units (ICUs) have benefited from the clinical trials led in New Zealand by Auckland City Hospital intensive care specialist and clinical researcher Dr. Colin McArthur.
For more than two decades, Dr. McArthur and his colleagues have questioned and tested treatment options available to critically-ill patients in the ICU, to reveal the safest, most effective ways to treat illnesses that pose a threat to life.