All news from Thoracic Medicine

Inhaling nitrogen dioxide

Paediatric Asthma Incidence Attributable To Ambient NO2 Pollution

About 4 million children worldwide develop asthma each year because of inhaling nitrogen dioxide air pollution; according to a study by researchers at the George Washington University Milken Institute School of Public Health (Milken Institute SPH). The study, based on data from 2010 to 2015, estimates that 64 percent of these new cases of asthma…

Nonsmokers

Increasing Prevalence Of COPD In Nonsmokers

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a type of obstructive lung disease by long-term breathing problems and poor airflow. The main symptoms include shortness of breath and cough with sputum production. COPD is a progressive disease, meaning it typically worsens over time. Eventually, everyday activities, such as walking or getting dressed, become difficult. Therefore chronic bronchitis and…

Asthma Clinical Outcome

Qualification Of New Asthma Clinical Outcome

Critical Path Institute’s (C-Path) Patient-Reported Outcome (PRO) Consortium announces U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) qualification of two new clinical outcome assessment tools; the Asthma Daytime Symptom Diary (ADSD) and the Asthma Nighttime Symptom Diary (ANSD). The qualification of the ADSD and the ANSD represents a major milestone; for the PRO Consortium and specifically for the Asthma Working…

Abdominal Obesity

Association Between Abdominal Obesity And Asthma

As one of the most common chronic respiratory diseases; asthma affects about 358 million people worldwide. It is projected that by 2025, this number will increase to 400 million. As a major cause of disability, absenteeism, and huge medical expenses, asthma places a substantial burden on the whole society. The total annual cost of asthma;…

Development of asthma

The Risk Of Asthma In The Chinese Han population

Genetic background is one of the important risk factors for the development of asthma. The nucleotide‐binding oligomerization domain 2 (NOD2) has involved in the pathogenesis of asthma. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between NOD2 gene polymorphisms and asthma susceptibility in the Chinese Han population. Asthma is a common chronic pulmonary disease.…

Air pollution

Polluted Air To Shorten Lives By 20 Months

The life expectancy of a child born today could reduced by an average of 20 months due to health damage caused by air pollution, researchers said on Wednesday. In South Asia, where air pollution levels are the highest; the life expectancy for children born in countries like Pakistan and Bangladesh falls by more than 30…

Blooming spring flowers

Pollen Season: Provide Much Needed Relief From The Allergist Symptoms

Blooming spring flowers signal the beginning of spring; but for millions of people, they also signal the onset of the misery; allergy and asthma season. Itchy, watery eyes; sneezing, runny nose; cough and wheezing are by an overreaction of the body to pollen. Every spring; trees and grasses release billions of buoyant pollen granules into…

Inhaler For COPD

Fixed-Dose Combination Inhaler For COPD

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a type of obstructive lung disease by long-term breathing problems and poor airflow. The main symptoms include shortness of breath and cough with sputum production. COPD is a progressive disease, meaning it typically worsens over time. Eventually, everyday activities, such as walking or getting dressed, become difficult. Chronic bronchitis and emphysema…

Respiratory diseases

Sweet Solution To Respiratory Disease

Restriction or inhalation of common sugar could one day treat a range of respiratory diseases; according to new research led by University of Manchester biologists. The study in mice reveals how the ability of cells to use glucose helps to regulate the immune system during lung inflammation. Their research suggests that blocking sugar receptors in…

Lower Asthma Risk

Sex Hormone Regulator Levels Linked To Lower Asthma Risk

Higher circulating levels of the sex hormone regulator, SHBG, seem to causally link to a lower risk of asthma-at least in women-suggests the first study of its kind. This is the first evidence showing that sex hormone levels might have a role in helping to explain the observed gender difference in asthma prevalence; say the…

Glucocorticoids

Premature Babies Benefit: Glucocorticoid And Antioxidant Therapy

Scientists at the University of Cambridge have suggested that subtle changes to the drugs administered; to mothers threatened with preterm birth, or to premature babies could further improve clinical treatment and help increase their safety. While the current practice of using glucocorticoid therapy shows life-saving benefits for the preterm infant; the researchers say that combining…

Breathing patterns

Standard Treatment: For Extremely Premature Infants

Breathing (or ventilation) is the process of moving air into and out of the lungs to facilitate gas exchange with the internal environment, mostly by bringing in oxygen and flushing out carbon dioxide. All aerobic creatures need oxygen for cellular respiration, which uses the oxygen to break down foods for energy and produces carbon dioxide as a waste product. Breathing, or “external respiration”, brings air into…