All news from Thoracic Medicine

Child's Asthma Risk Increased with Lengthy Time to Conception and Fertility Treatment

Children whose parents take more than a year to get pregnant and who use fertility treatment may be at heightened risk of developing asthma, suggests a large population-based study, published online in the journal Thorax.

And this risk seems to rise in tandem with the number of previous miscarriages early in the mum's pregnancy, suggesting that common factors underlying poorer (sub) fertility and recurrent miscarriages might be influential, say the study authors.

CABG: REGROUP Lifts Cloud Over Endoscopic Vein Harvesting

In the hands of experts, there was no difference in rates of major adverse cardiac events with endoscopic vs open vein-graft harvesting nearly 3 years after on-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) in the Randomized Endo-Vein Graft Prospective  ( REGROUP) trial. The study was published simultaneously in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Study: Higher PEEP Improves Outcomes in ARDS Patients

Mortality in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) remains high. These patients require mechanical ventilation strategies that include high positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP). It remains controversial if high PEEP can improve outcomes for ARDS patients, wholesome improvement in oxygenation in response to PEEP. In this meta-analysis, we aimed at the effects of high PEEP on ARDS patients.

Study: Patient Distress Reduced by Treating Breathlessness

Breathlessness is a common symptom in advanced disease and can lead to panic and anxiety for patients and their family. It can trouble people even when resting or performing light activities around the home. With our aging population and increasing multi-morbidity, the number of people affected by breathlessness worldwide is set to rise.

In Never-Smokers, Obesity Linked to COPD

"Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is much more common among never-smoking older women who are morbidly obese (having a body mass index of 40 or higher) than among their female peers in the normal weight range (13.4% vs 3.5%, respectively). Morbidly obese older men who have never smoked also had a much higher prevalence of COPD than never-smoking men who were normal weight (7.6% vs 2.5%)" reported lead author Professor Esme Fuller-Thomson.