Thoracic medicine

The researches find that the air pollution and living in apartment buildings may be associated with an increased risk for dangerous conditions like heart disease, stroke, and type 2 diabetes. Cardiovascular diseases are a leading cause of death in developing countries. Hypertension and metabolic syndrome are important causes of cardiovascular diseases. Metabolic syndrome is further associate with abdominal obesity; therefore elevate blood pressure; and higher blood glucose levels.

The air pollution and living

These conditions are associate with a higher risk for various health problems. The causes of these disorders are complex and are related to genetic factors; lifestyle, diet, and environmental factors including traffic air pollution; traffic noise, residential housing, and neighborhood quality. Therefore Researchers here investigate the associations between a long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and residential distance to green spaces and major roads with the development ;of hypertension and some components of metabolic syndrome.

These associations are assess among people living in private houses or multi-story houses in Kaunas City; a city of 280,000 and the second largest city of Lithuania. In the present study; researchers investigate the association between a long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and the residential distance to green spaces and major roads with the development of hypertension and some components of metabolic syndrome.

Various health problems

These components included: a high triglyceride level, reduced high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; higher blood glucose, and obesity. The associations are assess among people who lived in either private or multifamily houses. The results indicate that air pollution levels above the median are associated with a higher risk of reduce high density lipoprotein.

Traffic-related exposure was associated with the incidence of hypertension; higher triglyceride level and reduced high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. However, the negative impact of traffic air pollutants is observe only in the participants who live in multifamily buildings. Since there is more traffic near the multifamily apartment buildings; this may be associate with the incidence of hypertension as well.

The incidence of hypertension

In addition, a built-up environment, high residential density; street traffic and its configurations are further factors associate with social interactions and supportive relationships, which  also impact cardiovascular health. Because The greenness, size, and type (activity) of the available open public spaces were observed to be inversely related to the risk factors assessed. Investigators have additionally found positive effects of the natural environment, and have emphasized the positive impact of such spaces on cardiovascular health.

“Our research results enable us to say that we should regulate as much as possible the living space for one person in multifamily houses, improve the noise insulation of apartments; and promote the development of green spaces in multifamily houses” said the study’s lead author, Agn Brazien.