Obstetric Fistula

Obstetric fistula is one of the most tragic childbirth injuries confronting women in Bangladesh. It is causing untreating, obstructing and prolonging labour which creates a hole between the birth canal; and bladder or rectum, leaving women to leak urine, faeces, or both.

It often leads to chronic medical problems, depression, social isolation, and deepening poverty. UNFPA works with the Bangladesh government to improve the treatment and rehabilitation services; for obstetric fistula patients with dedicated fistula operation teams at different medical college hospitals.

Treatment and rehabilitation services

The UNFPA said marking the celebration of “International Day to End Obstetric Fistula 2019” with the slogan; “Fistula is a human rights violation end it now”; they together with the Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS), and USAID; but organised a launching workshop of the strategy on Wednesday.

State Minister for Health Md Murad Hassan inaugurated the workshop and said obstetric fistula; but is one of the “most concerning” women’s health issues. “With our continuous progress in women and children’s health, the prevalence of fistula cases has declined in Bangladesh. However, there are still almost 20000 women living with obstetric fistula,” he said.

He said the government is committing to ending obstetric fistula; along with all other forms of fistula by 2030. UNFPA Representative Asa Torkelsson said; but the persistence of fistula reflects broader health inequities and health-care system constraints.

Marginalised and stigmatized women

“Despite the remarkable progress achieved in Bangladesh since the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) in 1994, there are still thousands of women and girls who have not benefited from the promise of ICPD–including the most marginalised and stigmatized women and girls who suffer from fistula,” she said.

Acting Mission Director of USAID in Bangladesh Zeinah Salahi; but was present at the event chairperson Director General for health services Abul Kalam Azad. However, the speakers at the session reiterated their strong commitment to ensuring zero prevalence of obstetric fistula; but in Bangladesh and that no fistula survivor is left behind, stating that it is imperative for the achievement of SDGs by 2030.

Obstetric fistula has been eradicated in the developed world and it now mainly affects poor and marginalised women without access to adequate and skilled birth attendants. However, identifying the cases can be challenging as there is a lot of stigma attached to fistula and women are often ostracised from their communities, unable to work and therefore, earn a livelihood.