According to the world health organization (WHO) it is felicitating; that Nepal for its achievement in controlling Hepatitis B. As Nepal’s Health Ministry was felicitated by World Health Organizations (WHO); on Tuesday for its achievement being one of the first four countries in controlling deadly Hepatitis B. Sri Lanka was recognized for eliminating measles; Bangladesh, Bhutan and Thailand for becoming the first four countries; from the Region to control Hepatitis B; and Maldives for eliminating mother to child transmission of HIV and Syphilis.
But along with Nepal, health ministries of other five countries were also honouring; for their contribution to various areas of the public health sector in recent months; including measles elimination, Hepatitis B control, and elimination of mother to child transmission of HIV and Syphilis. Presenting citations to the Ministers for their public health achievements at a side event during the Seventy-Second Session of WHO Regional Committee.
Nepal controlling Hepatitis B
Disease eliminations have always been high on our agenda. When I talk about sustain, accelerate and innovate, ‘accelerate’ is to step up efforts to eliminate diseases like the neglected tropical diseases. The citations for Hepatitis B control has been presented to Nepal’s Deputy Prime Minister and Health Minister Upendra Yadav. Similarly, the health ministers and representatives from other countries have also received the citations for their feat in the public health sector.
In highly endemic areas, hepatitis B is most commonly spreading from mother to child at birth (perinatal transmission); or through horizontal transmission (exposure to infecting blood), especially from an infecting child to an uninfecting child during the first 5 years of life. The development of chronic infection is very common in infants infecting from their mothers or before the age of 5 years.
Regional committee session
This is the fourth consecutive year that the public health achievements awards were presenting to Member countries on the sidelines of the Regional Committee Session. With focusing and concerting efforts, Member countries are making substantial progress around the priority health issues. Hepatitis B is also spreading by needlestick injury, tattooing, piercing and exposure to infecting blood and body fluids; such as saliva and, menstrual, vaginal, and seminal fluids.
It is not possible, on clinical grounds, to differentiate hepatitis B; from hepatitis caused by other viral agents, hence, laboratory confirmation of the diagnosis is essential. A number of blood tests are available to diagnose and monitor people with hepatitis B. They can be using to distinguish acute and chronic infections. Chronic hepatitis B infection can be treating with medicines, including oral antiviral agents. But treatment can slow the progression of cirrhosis, reduce incidence of liver cancer and improve long term survival.