All news from Social & Preventive Medicine / Community Medicine

Cigarette

Want to Quit Smoking? Partner Up

Kicking the habit works best in pairs. That’s the main message of a study presented today at EuroPrevent 2019, a scientific congress of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). “Quitting smoking can be a lonely endeavour,” said study author Magda Lampridou, of Imperial College London, UK. “People feel left out when they skip the smoke…

Cigarette

$2.6 Billion Within A Year: Just 1% of Recipients Quit Smoking

Reducing smoking, and its associated health effects, among Medicaid recipients; in each state by just 1% would result in $2.6 billion in total Medicaid savings; the following year; according to new research by UC San Francisco. So, the median state would save $25 million; ranging from $630.2 million in California (if the smoking rate dropped…

Smoking

Graphic Cigarette Warning Labels: Deter Some Sales

Placing graphic anti-smoking warning labels on cigarette packages may deter; some adults from purchasing tobacco products; but the strategy is unlikely to influence those smokers; who are most addicted to nicotine; according to a new RAND Corporation study. Conducted in a one-of-a-kind laboratory; that replicates a convenience store; the study found that the effects of…

Social

Teens Exploring Sexuality Online: Experience Health and Safety Risks

Teens spend hours every day on internet-connected devices, where limitless opportunities to explore sexuality online. These opportunities don’t come without big risks, though. A researcher from Michigan State University found; that online sexual experiences can predict whether they become victims of sexual assault one year later. The findings, published in the Journal of Youth and…

Cigarette

Intervention Doubles Quit Rate: Smokers with Severe Mental Illness

Led by the University of York’s Mental Health Addictions Research Group; SCIMITAR+ is the largest ever trial to support smoking cessation; among people who use mental health services. Smoking rates among people with mental health conditions; are among the highest of any group; having changed little over the last 20 years; while other smokers have…

Smoking

Tobacco Companies Use Social Media to Hook A New Generation

Big Tobacco is increasingly using social media to find new ways to hook young people on smoking; circumventing decades of laws restricting the marketing of traditional cigarettes; to minors. In major cities around the world such as Rio de Janeiro; Cairo, Jakarta and Milan, tobacco companies have been holding extravagant; events with names like “K…

Tobacco

Smoking Pot vs. Tobacco

As more states make it legal to smoke marijuana; some government officials, researchers and others worry; what that might mean for one of the country’s biggest public health successes; curbing cigarette smoking. Though there are notable differences in health research findings; on tobacco and marijuana, the juxtaposition strikes some as jarring; after generations of Americans…

Smoking

Vaping is Harmful: More Americans Now Think

Amid growing concern about the safety of e-cigarettes; more American adults now believe vaping is just as dangerous as smoking cigarettes. Between 2012 and 2017, the number of people; who considered e-cigarettes less harmful than tobacco cigarettes dropped significantly; according to an analysis of two surveys. In one, the percentage fell 16 points—from 51 to…

Global study

Growing Inequality in Adolescent Health

A detailed global study of the health and well being of the world’s 1.8 billion adolescents; and young adults reveals a growing inequality; and greater health challenges than those faced 25 years ago. Of the 1.8 billion adolescents aged 10-24; an additional 250 million worldwide are living in countries; where they face a triple burden…

Social

Genes Associated with Heavy Drinking and Alcoholism

A large genomic study of nearly 275,000 people led by Penn Medicine researchers; revealed new insights into genetic drivers of heavy drinking and alcohol use disorder (AUD); the uncontrollable pattern of alcohol use commonly referred to as alcoholism. In the largest-ever genome-wide association study (GWAS) of both traits; in the same population, a team of…

Social

E-cigarette Growth: Linked to 'Renormalization' of Teen Smoking

There is little evidence that the rapid growth of largely unregulated e-cigarettes between 2011 and 2015 was associated with the ‘renormalisation’ of smoking among teens, reveals research published online in the journal Tobacco Control. Favourable perceptions of regular smoking among this age group; also fell at a faster rate after the proliferation of e-cigarettes; which wouldn’t…

Tobacco

Nicotine Linked With SIDS and Cardiac Arrhythmias

Fetal exposure to tobacco smoke in utero is associated with sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and cardiac arrhythmias in newborns. In a novel study in rabbits, investigators provide the first evidence linking fetal exposure to nicotine to long-term alterations of the cardiac sodium current. These changes may impair adaptation of the cardiac sodium current to…