All news from Social & Preventive Medicine / Community Medicine

Cigarette

Diabetes Drug Could Help Smokers Kick The Habit

Phillip Robinson has gone from 10 cigarettes a day to one or two every other day after enrolling in a smoking cessation clinical trial launched by researchers at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth). To help smokers quit, researchers are using a drug known more for helping people with diabetes control…

Cigarette

Quitting Smoking with Reduced Risk of Bladder Cancer

A large study of postmenopausal women indicated that quitting cigarette smoking was associated with significantly reduced risk of bladder cancer. The most significant reduction in risk occurred in the first 10 years after quitting, with a modest but continued decline in later years. The study was published in Cancer Prevention Research. Although bladder cancer is a fairly…

Consumption of caffeinated energy drinks

Caffeinated Energy Drinks Rises in The United States

According to a new study appearing in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, published by Elsevier, energy drink consumption in the United States has increased substantially over the past decade among adolescents, young adults, and middle-aged adults. Energy drink consumers had significantly higher total caffeine intake compared; with non-consumers and the beverages represented a majority of…

Public health

Child and Adolescent Health Improved But Maternal Mortality Worsened

The United States is one of only eight countries in the world; where decreases in child and adolescent mortality over a 27-year period; haven’t also been matched by reductions in maternal mortality; according to a new scientific study. This divergent trend also was found in American Samoa, Canada, Greece, Guam, Jamaica, St. Vincent and the…

One in nine U.S. women drink

One in Nine U.S. Women Drink During Pregnancy

Even though the harms to babies are; well known, one in nine pregnant women; in the United States drinks alcohol; new research shows. In one-third of those cases; frequent binge drinking is; also often involved. What’s more, the rate of drinking during pregnancy is actually on the rise; with a slight uptick in the rate over…

Public health

Microbial Contaminants Found in Popular e-cigarettes

Popular electronic cigarette products sold in the U.S. were; contaminated with bacterial and fungal toxins, according to new research from Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. The study, which examined 75 popular e-cigarette products — cartridges and e-liquids — found that; 27% contained traces of endotoxin, a microbial agent found on Gram-negative bacteria; and…

distract kids from truth

Fake Warnings on E-cigarette Ads: Distract Kids from Truth

When it comes to marketing electronic cigarettes to young people, fake news appears to stick. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration currently requires a prominent warning about the dangers of nicotine for e-cigarettes. But just before that mandate, a 2017 campaign by e-cigarette maker blu; included fake warnings in precisely the place; the real warnings…

Public health

Insights on Marijuana and Opioid Use in People with Cancer

A new study reveals that many people with cancer use marijuana; and rates of use in the U.S. have increased over time. Published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the study also found that patients with cancer are more likely to use prescription opioids than adults without cancer. Pain is a…

defying the munchies

Marijuana Users Weigh Less, Defying The Munchies

New evidence from Michigan State University suggests; that those who smoke cannabis, or marijuana, weigh less compared to adults who don’t. The findings, published in the International Journal of Epidemiology, are contrary to the belief that marijuana users who have a serious case of the munchies will ultimately gain more weight. “Over a three-year period,…

Metabolite

Metabolite: Play A Role in Nicotine Addiction

A substance that scientists identify to screen people for nicotine use; may also play a role in smokers becoming addicted to tobacco. “When you smoke, nicotine is; converted into a metabolite called cotinine,” explained South Dakota State University Psychology Professor Brady Phelps. Even those who inhale secondhand smoke can test positive for cotinine. The metabolite…

Smoking

Asian Nations in Early Tobacco Epidemic: Study

Asian countries are in the early stages of a tobacco smoking epidemic with habits mirroring; those of the United States from past decades; setting the stage for a spike in future deaths from smoking-related diseases. That’s the conclusion of researchers from Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center; and the Vanderbilt Epidemiology Center after analyzing 20 prospective cohort studies;…

Cigarette

Sniffing Pleasant Odors: Decrease Cigarette Craving

Smokers who are trying to quit may not always have to reach for a piece of nicotine gum to stave off a craving. Deliberately inhaling a pleasant aroma may be enough to reduce the urge to light up, at least temporarily, and could be used as part of an effective smoking cessation strategy, according to…