All news from Social & Preventive Medicine / Community Medicine

Electronic Vapor Products

Few U.S. Adults Use USB-Shaped Electronic Vapor Products

About 7.9% of U.S. adults reported ever use of electronic vapor products (EVPs) shaped like universal serial bus (USB) flash drives in 2018, according to a study published online April 25 in Tobacco Control. Kristy L. Marynak, M.P.P., from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta, and colleagues examined data from the…

Medical Cannabis

Access To Medical Cannabis Must Be Improved

Despite a change in the law last year, access to medical cannabis in the UK has been much slower than patients and parents had hoped, warns an expert in The BMJ. David Nutt, professor of psychopharmacology at Imperial College London, argues that still only; a tiny number of children with severe juvenile epilepsy are treating. In…

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder

FASD Prevalence Very High in Susceptible Groups

A major new review of the world literature has found that Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) is 10 to 40 times higher in certain susceptible groups than the general population. These groups include children in care, people in correctional services or special education services; Aboriginal populations, and people using specialized clinical services. FASD is a…

Alcohol Advertising

Alcohol Advertising Have Long Term Effect On Alcohol Attitudes

Repeated exposure to alcohol advertising in sport—either at venues or during media coverage of matches; can have long-term effects on drinking attitudes, according to a new international study. Researchers from the Parisien Laboratory of Social Psychology, the University Grenoble of Alpes (France) and Monash University; found a positive and casual link between alcohol sponsorship and…

Cannabis Addiction

Cannabis Addiction Influenced By Genetic Makeup

Some people may be more genetically prone to cannabis addiction, finds a new UCL-led study. The researchers say their investigation of three genetic markers, published in Addiction Biology, could inform why some people become dependent of cannabis. “We were interesting in asking these genetic markers; could predicting addiction-related responses; after inhaling doses of cannabis, such as how…

Cannabis

CBD Reduces Impairment Caused By Cannabis

The more cannabidiol (CBD) in a strain of cannabis, the lower the impairment to brain function; finds a new UCL-led brain imaging study. The research, published in the Journal of Psychopharmacology, is the first study using fMRI (functional magnetic resonance imaging); to gauge how different strains of cannabis impact brain function. “Over the last two…

Pediatric Mental Health

New Screening Methods For Pediatric Mental Health Conditions

A new study from Kaiser Permanente, published in the journal Pediatrics; suggests that the benefits can last for many years and can include sustained reductions in mental health conditions. Kaiser Permanente researchers find long-term benefits for patients and health organizations that employ screenings, interventions, and referrals. Substance abuse is “closely associated with the top three causes of…

Cigarettes Users

The Quitting Tendency of E-cigarettes and Traditional Cigarettes Users

MassGeneral Hospital for Children (MGHfC) researchers conducted a study which suggested; that parents who use both traditional cigarettes and e-cigarettes may be more receptive to smoking cessation interventions; than parents who only smoke traditional cigarettes. The researchers factors associated with dual use of e-cigarettes and cigarettes vs. cigarette-only smokers; assessed by self-report. The study also…

Nicotine

Most Of The Youngsters Unaware Of The Nicotine Consumption

As e-cigarette use soars in high schools across America, new research shows many people don’t understand; the amount of addictive nicotine they are inhaling with every puff. In a new survey, many teens said they regularly used e-cigarettes, but swore they only vaped nicotine-free products. However, urine tests for a “marker” of nicotine use came…

Video Games

Playing Video Games Generally Not Harmful To Boys Social Development

The popularity of interactive video games has spark concern among parents, educators, and policymakers about how the games affect children and adolescents. Most research on the effect of gaming on youth has focus on problematic gaming and negative effects like aggression, anxiety, and depression. A new longitudinal study conduct in Norway look at how playing…

Smoking Risk

Smoking Risk Linked To Disadvantages In Life

The more disadvantages you face, the more likely you are to smoke and have difficulty quitting according to a new USC study; in JAMA Internal Medicine that sheds light on populations that are resistant to anti-smoking efforts. In a U.S. nationally representative survey of 278,048 adults; people were asking about smoking and their experience with…

Opioid Overdoses

Fentanyl Could Help Reduce Opioid Overdoses

Opioid users fear accidental overdoses from street drugs laced with fentanyl; but unpredictable drug quality means they lack reliable strategies to avoid it; according to a team of researchers who suggest that fentanyl test strips may reduce overdose deaths. “The opioid crisis is one of the biggest issues in the United States right now,” said…