All news from Social & Preventive Medicine / Community Medicine

African American Men's Health Disparities

The burden of risk factors for chronic disease is substantially higher in black men compared with their white counterparts, including a higher prevalence of obesity and hypertension. The Center for Healthy African American Men through Partnerships (CHAAMPS) presents results from several studies that pinpoint some of the issues and propose strategies to solve these in a special supplement to the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

Rise In Development of Self-Lubricating Condoms

Researchers have come up with self-lubricating condoms that become slippery or lubricated once they come in contact with skin. This would not only raise the pleasure factor of condom usage but also increase the use of condoms and reduce the incidence of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and unwanted pregnancies. This novel condom can stay lubricated for over 1,000 thrusts, say researchers. The study was funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

Breast Cancer: Statistical Method Estimates Long- and Short-term Risk of Recurrence

A statistical method could fill the gaps in the US cancer registry data to estimate the short- and long-term risk of recurrence of hormone receptor (HR) -positive and HR-negative breast cancers. 

The study found that while women diagnosed with HR-positive breast cancer have lower risk of progression to metastatic disease soon after the diagnosis, their risk persists for several years. In contrast, for women diagnosed with HR-negative disease, the risk of progression to metastatic disease is high after the diagnosis, but the long-term risk is lower than that for HR-positive disease. The study is published in the journal Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention

Impact of Juul Use on Teenagers and Young Adults

Teens and young adults who use Juul brand e-cigarettes are failing to recognize the product's addictive potential, despite using it more often than their peers who smoke conventional cigarettes, according to a new study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine. The findings, from an ongoing Stanford project addressing the use and perceptions of tobacco products by California youth is published in the journal JAMA Network Open.

Obesity: Combating with Community-Based Approaches

The EU faces alarming increases in obesity and associated health problems such as cardiovascular disease, cancer and diabetes. Worldwide, some 10 % of people are excessively overweight and obesity is on track to overtake smoking as the single biggest cause of preventable cancer in some countries. The issue is complex and rooted in the inactive nature of modern life characterized by extensive car use and widely available, affordable, and often unhealthy food.