Smoke-free policies have been associated with lower systolic (top number) blood pressure readings among non-smokers, according to new research in Journal of the American Heart Association, the Open Access Journal of the American Heart Association / American Stroke Association.
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The "gateway pattern" of adolescent substance use is changing, and marijuana is increasingly the first substance in the sequence of adolescent drug use, according researchers at the Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health. Traditionally, students experiment with cigarettes and alcohol before cannabis, but since 2006, less than 50% of adolescents try cigarettes and alcohol before they try cannabis for the first time. The findings are published in the journal Drug and Alcohol Dependence.
People who are bullied at work or experience violence at work at the risk of heart and brain blood vessel problems, including heart attacks and stroke, according to the largest prospective study to investigate the link, which is published in the European Heart Journal.
Long-term exposure to road traffic noise is associated with an increased risk of obesity. This was the conclusion of a study involving the participation of the Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal), a research centre supported by the "la Caixa" Banking Foundation. The study has been published in Environment International.
The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center applauds new actions announced by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to limit the sale of most flavored electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) to age-restricted locations and require age-verification for online sales to lower the use of these products in children. In addition, the FDA plans to restrict the marketing of these products to youth.
When it comes to preventive care and confidential medical services, parents and their adolescent children actually agree with each other. They both believe that preventive care is important, that adolescents should be provided with opportunities to speak with their doctor, one-on-one, and that some services should be confidential. These findings are reported by University of Illinois at Chicago and their colleagues in the Journal of Adolescent Health.
Society must take collective responsibility to reduce the harm caused by alcohol use disorders, to University of Otago academic says. Dr. Charlene Rapsey, of the Dunedin School of Medicine's Department of Psychological Medicine, says while alcohol is commonly enjoyed by many people and only a minority of people develop an alcohol use disorder, the negative consequences of such a disorder can be severe and long- lasting
Seeing young people glued to screens for hours is now a common sight in many places. As reported by Time, a new study found that young people who spend seven hours or more of screen time to day are susceptible to developing depression and anxiety.
A dozen years after the debut of the HPV vaccine, its track record of warding off infections that cause cervical cancer and other malignancies keep getting better. That's why the US Food and Drug Administration in October expanded the age range for Merck's Gardasil. Previously approved for adolescents and those up to age 26, the shots can be given to men and women up to age 45, bringing the United States in line with markets including Europe and Canada.
A new, $ 17.8 million grant will ensure USC remains at the forefront of research to protect people from tobacco-related health risks. The money will be used to promote biomedical and behavioral research to build the scientific underpinning for regulation of tobacco products . USC is part of a national, federally funded program to assess and prevent harm from tobacco products.
Alcohol industry social responsibility schemes leverage their own commercial interests while failing to reduce harmful alcohol use, according to a study carried out by the University of Connecticut.
Patients hospitalized with a cardiovascular event are more likely to die within one year if they have low health literacy, according to a Vanderbilt University Medical Center study released in Mayo Clinic Proceedings.