All news from Social & Preventive Medicine / Community Medicine

Use of Marijuana is Increasing Among the Teens, Findings

The "gateway pattern" of adolescent substance use is changing, and marijuana is increasingly the first substance in the sequence of adolescent drug use, according researchers at the Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health. Traditionally, students experiment with cigarettes and alcohol before cannabis, but since 2006, less than 50% of adolescents try cigarettes and alcohol before they try cannabis for the first time. The findings are published in the journal Drug and Alcohol Dependence.

E-Cigarette: FDA Announces New Actions to Limit Sale

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center applauds new actions announced by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to limit the sale of most flavored electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) to age-restricted locations and require age-verification for online sales to lower the use of these products in children. In addition, the FDA plans to restrict the marketing of these products to youth.

Confidential Medical Services: Both Parents and Children Should Agree

When it comes to preventive care and confidential medical services, parents and their adolescent children actually agree with each other. They both believe that preventive care is important, that adolescents should be provided with opportunities to speak with their doctor, one-on-one, and that some services should be confidential. These findings are reported by University of Illinois at Chicago and their colleagues in the  Journal of Adolescent Health

Alcohol Disorders Prevented by Cutting Societal Alcohol Use

Society must take collective responsibility to reduce the harm caused by alcohol use disorders, to University of Otago academic says. Dr. Charlene Rapsey, of the Dunedin School of Medicine's Department of Psychological Medicine, says while alcohol is commonly enjoyed by many people and only a minority of people develop an alcohol use disorder, the negative consequences of such a disorder can be severe and long- lasting

Cancer-preventing HPV Vaccine, Warding off Infections

A dozen years after the debut of the HPV vaccine, its track record of warding off infections that cause cervical cancer and other malignancies keep getting better. That's why the US Food and Drug Administration in October expanded the age range for Merck's Gardasil. Previously approved for adolescents and those up to age 26, the shots can be given to men and women up to age 45, bringing the United States in line with markets including Europe and Canada.

Research on Tobacco-related Health Risks, USC remains at the Forefront

A new, $ 17.8 million grant will ensure USC remains at the forefront of research to protect people from tobacco-related health risks. The money will be used to promote biomedical and behavioral research to build the scientific underpinning for regulation of tobacco products . USC is part of a national, federally funded program to assess and prevent harm from tobacco products.