All news from Social & Preventive Medicine / Community Medicine

Public health

Smoking During Pregnancy: Increases SUID Risk

The first findings to result from a collaboration between; Seattle Children’s Research Institute and Microsoft data scientists provides expecting mothers new information about how smoking before and during pregnancy; contributes to the risk of an infant dying suddenly and unexpectedly before their first birthday. According to the study published in Pediatrics, any amount of smoking…

Public health

E-cigarettes And Depression

Concerns about the addictive nature of e-cigarettes; now used by an estimated 1 out of 20 Americans; may only be part of the evolving public health story surrounding their use, according to data being presented at the American College of Cardiology’s 68th Annual Scientific Session. New research shows that adults who report puffing e-cigarettes, or…

Opioid

Heroin Users At High Risk Of Overdosing

Most heroin users in Baltimore; a city heavily affected by the opioid epidemic; recognize that the heroin they buy is now almost; always laced with the highly dangerous synthetic opioid fentanyl; according to a new study led by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. At the same time, the researchers found…

Teenagers lifistyle

Alcohol Intoxication Among Adolescents

Early onset drinking, drinking and intoxication at an early age among adolescents; has been identified as a primary risk for later heavy drinking, alcohol problems; and alcohol dependence among youth and young adults. To prevent or delay early onset drinking; we must know more about the modifiable circumstances that enable these behaviors. Early age of…

Passive smoking

To Reduce Secondhand Smoke: In Homes With Children

Secondhand smoke is smoke from burning tobacco products, such as cigarettes, cigars, or pipes. Secondhand smoke also is smoke that has been exhaled, or breathed out, by the person smoking. Tobacco smoke contains more than 7,000 chemicals, including hundreds that are toxic and about 70 that can cause cancer. There is no risk-free level of…

Social health

Insurance Rules: Harder To Treat Opioid Use Disorder

Insurance industry cost-control measures may be worsening the nation’s opioid epidemic by limiting access to a key medication that treats addiction, according to a research letter published in the Journal of the American Medical Association. Despite the medical profession’s growing acceptance of the need for medications for addiction treatment; that give hope to people suffering…

Cannabis

US Teens: Medical Marijuana Smoke Less Cannabis

According to a large-scale study of American high school students; legalizing medicinal marijuana has actually led to a drop in cannabis use among teenagers. The study, published in the American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse used the results of an anonymous survey given to more than 800,000 high school students across 45 states to calculate…

Vaping

Electronic Cigarettes: Linked To Wheezing In Adults

Electronic cigarette use (“vaping”) is associated with wheezing in adults, according to a new study published in the journal Tobacco Control. People who vaped were nearly twice as likely to experience wheezing compared to people who didn’t regularly use tobacco products. Wheezing, caused by narrowed or abnormal airways; is often a precursor to other serious health…

Smoking

Genetic Vulnerability To Menthol Cigarette Use

A genetic variant found only in people of African descent significantly increases a smoker’s preference for cigarettes containing menthol, a flavor additive. The variant of the MRGPRX4 gene is five to eight times more frequent among smokers who use menthol cigarettes than other smokers, according to an international group of researchers supported by the U.S.…

Social health

To Prevent, Treat Alcoholism: New Target Identified

;Alcohol use disorder (AUD) is a chronic condition with devastating health and socioeconomic effects. Still, pharmacotherapies to treat AUD are scarce. In a prior study aimed at identifying novel AUD therapeutic targets, we investigated the DNA methylome of the nucleus accumbens core (NAcc) of rhesus macaques after chronic alcohol use. Developing medication to prevent and…

Smoking

Exposition Of Children To Chemicals: Thirdhand Smoke Residue

The harmful effects of exposure to tobacco smoke have been known for many years. Cigarette and cigar smokers are at significantly higher risk of contracting all sorts of respiratory maladies; and research linking secondhand smoke to cancer goes back nearly three decades. But what about the chemicals that stain the walls, ceilings, carpet and upholstery…

Smoking

Are e-cigarettes healthier than cigarettes?

Growing consensus suggests that e-cigarettes confer no more than 5% of the health risks associated with smoking. This is primarily due to the fact that e-cigarettes do not involve combustion which leads to the formation of harmful toxic and cancer-causing compounds. Tobacco contains more than 600 compounds which are turned into around 5,000, including at…