All news from Social & Preventive Medicine / Community Medicine

cigarette equivalents

Alcohol Cancer Risk In Cigarette Equivalents

The well-established link between cancer and tobacco may provide a way to help communicate the links between moderate levels of alcohol and cancer, and raise public awareness of alcohol-associated cancer risks, according to a study published in the open access journal BMC Public Health. A team of researchers at University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust, Bangor…

Direct healthcare costs

Sedentary Behavior: Costly To Public Health

Sedentary behavior such as sitting or lying down for long periods; not only increase the risk for various diseases and premature death; they also cost the NHS at least £700m per year; according to new research from Queen’s University Belfast. Leonie Heron and colleagues say that as well as sedentary behavior; causing thousands of deaths…

Cigarette

Peer Relations: Linked To Smoking Behavior

Tobacco smoking is a preventable cause on health inequality and premature death. Youths studying for blue‐collar trades in vocational schools smoke significantly more than those youths who have selected academically orientated upper secondary school, that is high school. There are very few good quality studies conducted on smoking among vocational students. Smoking in adolescence leads…

Smokers

Daily Marijuana Use: Increase Risk Of Psychosis

Cannabis use; associated with increased risk of later psychotic disorder; but whether it affects incidence of the disorder remains unclear. We aimed to identify patterns of cannabis use; with the strongest effect on odds of psychotic disorder across Europe; and explore whether differences in such patterns contribute to variations; in the incidence rates of psychotic…

Smokers

Plain-packaged Cigarettes Have More Impact

Health warnings on plain-packaged cigarettes have more of an impact on smokers than those on branded packs, according to new research from the University of Stirling. In one of the first studies to explore how smokers responded to standardised (plain) packaging, experts at the Institute of Social Marketing surveyed current smokers in 2017, when both…

cigarette

Three Factors Predict Psych Events

Pre-treatment factors that increase smokers’ risk of experiencing neuropsychiatric adverse events (NPSAEs) when quitting smoking are unknown. So, to identify baseline smoker characteristics beyond the history of mental illness that predict which participants were more likely to experience moderate to severe NPSAEs in EAGLES. However, a prospective correlational cohort study in the context of a…

Smoking

Nicotine Addiction From Vaping Is A Bigger Problem

Data show clearly that young people are vaping in record numbers. And despite the onslaught of reports and articles highlighting not only its dangers; but the marketing tactics seemingly aimed to hook teens and young adults; the number of vaping users continues to climb. These teens may be overlooking (or underestimating) a key ingredient; in…

Smoking

Where Are Teens Getting E-cigarettes? It Depends.

University of Cincinnati research on adolescent use of electronic cigarettes was featured prominently at the American Academy of Health Behavior 2019 Annual Scientific Meeting in Greenville, South Carolina. “Electronic Cigarette Acquisition Means Among Adolescent Daily Users” earned Ashley Merianos. Black Award, which is presented by the AAHB in recognition of early-career health behavior research that…

Public health

Enforcement Of Tobacco Ad: Bans At Sporting Events

The World Health Organization called for better enforcement of bans on tobacco advertising at sporting events, after tobacco companies discretely reentered sponsorship deals with Formula 1 teams. “WHO is urging governments to enforce bans on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship at sporting events, including when hosting or receiving broadcasts of Formula 1 and MotoGP events,” the…

Public health

Awareness Of Alcohol Marketing: Associated With Increased Consumption

Young people’s awareness of alcohol marketing; and their ownership of alcohol-branded merchandise; is associated with increased and higher-risk consumption; a landmark study has found. Published in BMJ Open, the research – led by the University of Stirling and the Cancer Policy Research Centre at Cancer Research UK – revealed that 11 to 19-year-old current drinkers,…

Carcinogenic

Wireless Earphones: Source Of Carcinogenic Radiation

The Logitech FreePulse Wireless Headphones are headphones that use Bluetooth to transmit audio from the receiver to the headphones. The receiver can use a 3.5 mm headphone jack to plug into most audio outputs. The headphones emit sound from up to 10 metres away from the receiver using Bluetooth 2.0 with Enhanced Data Rate wireless technology.…

Smoking

Smoking Associated With Less Healthy Brains

Factors that influence the health of our blood vessels, such as smoking, high blood and pulse pressures, obesity and diabetes, are linked to less healthy brains, according to research published in the European Heart Journal. The study examined the associations between seven vascular risk factors and differences in the structures of parts of the brain. The…