Radio diagnosis

The researches find that the The detective quantum efficiency (DQE) ;of indirect flat panel detectors (I‐FPDs);l is limit at higher x‐ray energies (e.g. 100‐140 kVp) by low absorption in their scintillating x‐ray conversion layer. Therefore While increasing the thickness of the scintillator can improve its x‐ray absorption efficiency, this approach is potentially limited by reduced spatial resolution and increased noise due to depth‐dependence in the scintillator’s response to x‐rays. One strategy proposed to mitigate these deleterious effects is to irradiate the scintillator through the pixel sensor in a “back‐irradiation” geometry.

X‐ray absorption efficiency

This work directly evaluates the impact of irradiation geometry on the inherent imaging performance of I‐FPDs composed with columnar CsI:Tl and powder Gd2O2S:Tb (GOS) scintillators . A “bidirectional” FPD was constructed which allows scintillator samples to be interchangeably coupled to the detector’s active matrix to compose an I‐FPD. Radio‐translucent windows in the detector’s housing permit imaging in both “front‐irradiation” (FI) and “back‐irradiation” (BI) geometries.

This test device is use to evaluate the impact of irradiation geometry on the x‐ray sensitivity, modulation transfer function (MTF), noise power spectrum (NPS) and DQE of four I‐FPDs composed using columnar CsI:Tl scintillators of varying thickness (600‐1000 µm) and optical backing, and a Fast Back GOS screen. All experiments used an RQA9 x‐ray beam. Each I‐FPD’s x‐ray sensitivity, MTF and DQE was greater or equal in BI geometry than in FI.

Inherent imaging performance

The I‐FPD composed with CsI:Tl (1 mm) and an optically‐absorptive backing had the largest variation in sensitivity (17%) between FI and BI geometries. Because The detector composed with GOS had the largest improvement in limiting resolution (31%). Irradiation geometry had little impact on MTF(f) and DQE(f); measurements near zero‐frequency, however the difference between FI and BI measurements generally increased with spatial frequency.

The CsI:Tl scintillator with optically‐absorptive backing (1 mm); in BI geometry had the highest spatial resolution and DQE over all frequencies. Back‐irradiation may improve the inherent x‐ray imaging performance of I‐FPDs composed with CsI:Tl and GOS scintillators. But This approach can be leverage to improve tradeoffs between detector dose‐efficiency, spatial resolution and noise for higher‐energy x‐ray imaging.

There are many types – or modalities – of medical imaging procedures;l each of which uses different technologies and techniques.Because Computed tomography (CT), fluoroscopy; and radiography ;(“conventional X-ray” including mammography) all use ionizing; radiation to generate images of the body.Because Ionizing radiation is a form of radiation that has; enough energy to potentially cause damage to DNA and may elevate a person’s lifetime risk of developing cancer.