All news from Pulmonary Medicine

Global Prevalence Of Latent Tuberculosis Was Estimated

Global Prevalence Of Latent Tuberculosis Was Estimated

Latent Tuberculosis; New study from Aarhus University Hospital and Aarhus University, Denmark, has shown that probably 1 in 4 people in the world carry the tuberculosis bacterium in the body. The disease tuberculosis is cause by the bacterium Mycobacterium Tuberculosis; which affects more than 10 million people every year, and kills up to 2 million,…

Enormous Burden Of Tuberculosis Among The Population

Enormous Burden Of Tuberculosis Among The Population

The real burden of tuberculosis is probably higher than estimated, according to a study on samples from autopsies performed in a Mozambican hospital. The study, led by the Barcelona Institute of Global Health (ISGlobal), an institution supported by “la Caixa,” shows that highly sensitive molecular techniques can detect cases that escape clinical diagnosis and even…

Respiratory infection and respiratory failure

Pulmonary Complications Are Common After Upper Abdominal Surgery

Postoperative pulmonary complications (PPC) result in significant morbidity, mortality and healthcare costs. The incidence of “important” PPCs is 2-5% in the general surgical population. These consist of respiratory infection, respiratory failure, atelectasis, prolonged invasive mechanical ventilation, prolonged high-level respiratory support, and readmission to the ICU for pulmonary complications. However, additional patient factors and types of…

Asthma Patients Are Unable To Work To Their Full Potential

Asthma Patients Are Unable To Work To Their Full Potential

A new multi-national survey has revealed that asthma patients are missing nearly one-tenth of work hours due to their symptoms, which also results in a loss of productivity and affects their emotional well being. The World Health Organisation estimates that 235 million people around the world suffer from asthma. But little is known about the…

Asthma In Children Was Caused By Urban Lifestyle

Asthma In Children Was Caused By Urban Lifestyle

Asthma is on the rise among kids because of a more urbanized lifestyle, outdoor pollution and too much obsession with hygiene. These factors have made children vulnerable to several allergies in the breathing tube more prominent. Well-known paediatrician Dr S Nagabhushana from Bengaluru’s Dr Ambedkar and MVJ Medical College said that earlier; so the treatment…

Infectious Bronchitis In Poultry Can Be Reduced By Zinc

Infectious Bronchitis In Poultry Can Be Reduced By Zinc

Infectious Bronchitis is not a wide spread, but new serotypes also continue to emerge due to mutations and recombination events in the viral genome. That research, however, is not limit to diagnostics, vaccination and biosecurity. Ana Da Silva, DVM, a graduate student and PhD candidate at the University of California-Davis, has been looking at performance…

Trend Of Pulmonary Tuberculosis In Jiangsu

Seasonality And Trend Of Pulmonary Tuberculosis In Jiangsu

Forecasting the seasonality and trend of pulmonary tuberculosis is important for the rational allocation of health resources; however, this foresting is often hampered by inappropriate prediction methods. Tuberculosis (TB) is a chronic infectious disease cause by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, with the most common form being pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB). Although the global TB incidence has decline by…

Improvement In The Overall Health Of COPD Patients

Improvement In The Overall Health Of COPD Patients

COPD Patients; The overall efficacy and safety profile of erdosteine is superior to other commonly used mucolytic agents for the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD), a new study shows. The study, “Efficacy and safety profile of mucolytic/antioxidant agents in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a comparative analysis across erdosteine, carbocysteine, and N-acetylcysteine,” was published in…

Reducing Air Pollution Could Cut Rates Of Childhood Asthma

Reducing Air Pollution Could Cut Rates Of Childhood Asthma

Air Pollution; Statistical models demonstrate how targeting certain air pollutants could reduce the incidence of childhood asthma, according to a study published online July 22 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Erika Garcia, M.P.H., Ph.D., from the Keck School of Medicine at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles, and colleagues used…

Asthma And Allergy Risk May Generalize To A Broader Population

Asthma And Allergy Risk May Generalize To A Broader Population

Asthma And Allergy; This study of newborn infants has identified a compound produced by gut bacteria that appears to predispose certain infants to allergies and asthma later in life. “They have discovered a specific bacterial lipid in the neonatal gut that promotes immune dysfunction associated with allergic asthma and can be used to assess; which…

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease In Primary Care

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease In Primary Care

Primary Care; Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has a significant impact on life expectancy worldwide, illustrated by a close to 10% increase in mortality from 2000 to 2015. Despite increasing public awareness and more advance treatment options, according to estimates made by the European Respiratory Society, the proportion of deaths caused by COPD will continue…

Asthma

Role Of Allergens And Pollutants In Asthma

Positive family relationships might help youth to maintain good asthma management behaviors even in the face of difficult neighborhood conditions, according to a new Northwestern University study. For children with asthma, neighborhood environmental conditions the role of allergens and pollutants, for example have long been known to play an important role, but less is known about how social conditions…