All news from Psychiatry

depressive disorders

Metabolic Differences To Optimize SSRI Dosing In Adolescents

Cytochrome P4502C19 (CYP2C19) is a highly polymorphic gene that encodes an enzyme that metabolizes escitalopram and sertraline, two selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs); that are FDA approved for pediatric use and commonly used to treat anxiety and depressive disorders in youth. Using pharmacokinetic (PK) models in adolescents; they sought to model SSRI dosing across CYP2C19…

Depressive disorder

Effect On Brain Connectivity In Patients With Depression

A study lead by Penn Medicine researchers found that childhood trauma is link to abnormal connectivity; in the brain in adults with major depressive disorder (MDD). The paper, published this week in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), is the first data-driven study to show symptom-specific; system-level changes in brain network connectivity in…

Addiction

Addiction: Conditioning Sustains Many Unhealthy Behaviors

When Ivan Pavlov was measuring dog slobber at the turn of the 20th century; he could not have imagined all the ways his classical conditioning research would shape the future of scientific discovery. Today, there is substantial research suggesting that conditioned behaviors such as smoking after a meal sustain unhealthy habits. It follows that by…

Obsessive-compulsive disorder

Advances In Deep Brain Stimulation For Parkinson’s

Advances in deep brain stimulation (DBS) for Parkinson disease could lead to treatments for conditions such as obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD); Gilles de la Tourette syndrome and depression. The authors of the paper, from the Geneva University Hospitals (HUG), argue that bi-directional electrodes which can both stimulate and record from deep brain structures – known as…

Alzheimer's And Dementias

Digital Tools For Alzheimer's And Dementias

As part of its Diagnostics Accelerator research program; the Alzheimer’s Drug Discovery Foundation (ADDF) announced today a new initiative that aims to fast-track the development of digital tools for Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias. The initial funding commitments totaling nearly $35 million from partners including ADDF Co-Founder Leonard Lauder, so Bill Gates, the Dolby family; the…

Time spent online

Routine Assessment For Children Mental Health Issues

The Royal College of Psychiatrists is urging psychiatrists to ensure that they ask children about their time spent online, as part of the routine assessment for mental health issues. Concerns are growing about the effect online activity is having on mental health, including mood, sleep, dietary habits, school performance and behavior; including the impact of…

Air Pollution

Psychosis Linked To Air Pollution

According to researchers from King’s College London; the study is an indication of why children from urban regions are more likely to get psychotic problems to those in rural areas. They go to say, however, that more research is needed to certain of the association between air pollution; psychotic episodes among youngsters. The study looked…

Neurological conditions

Virtual Reality: Treat People With Neurological Disorders

Playing games in virtual reality (VR) could key tool in treating people with neurological disorders such as autism; schizophrenia and Parkinson’s disease. The technology, according to a recent study from the University of Waterloo, could help individuals with these neurological conditions shift their perceptions of time; which their conditions lead them to perceive differently. “The…

ADHD

Childhood Methylphenidate Treatment Predicts Antidepressant

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a mental disorder of the neurodevelopmental type. It is characterized by difficulty paying attention, excessive activity, and behavior without regards to consequences which is not appropriate for a person’s age. There are also often problems with the regulation of emotions. (ADHD); is one of the most common psychiatric diagnoses among children…

Cognitive functioning

Improves Psychological And Cognitive Function

While many of the poor are burdened with debt; helping them financially is controversial; because their debts are often to result from bad habits. A new study by the Social Service Research Centre (SSR) at the National University of Singapore (NUS) demonstrates that reducing the number of debt accounts lowers the mental burden of the…

Autism spectrum disorder

Boost Social Skills In Kids With ASD

A learning aid that can be incorporated into Google Glass and accessed with the help of a smartphone app is showing promise in the treatment of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). In a small, randomized clinical trial, children who wore and used the device for 6 weeks in addition to receiving usual treatment; scored…

Dementia Risk

No Link Between Smoking And Increased Dementia Risk

There appears to no causal link between smoking and dementia; new research suggests. Investigators followed over 500 senior adults for an average of 11 years; analyzing the potential association between smoking and dementia and adjusting for the competing risk of death without dementia. Although smoking was with earlier death, it was not with dementia findings…