All news from Psychiatry

Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Are Common In Boys & Girls

Researchers aimed to identify which symptoms were the best predictors of an ADHD diagnosis and the likelihood of receiving medication and whether these differed between boys and girls. Asked what they know about attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder or ADHD, many people will likely tell you that it mostly affects children, and mostly boys.

However, recent research has shown that neither of these perceptions is entirely true. There is a striking difference in the sex of children diagnosed with ADHD, with boys more likely to be diagnosed than girls (the ratios can be as high as 9:1 in some studies). The study was published in the European Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.

However, these studies are of children who have an established diagnosis of ADHD, and such estimates are affected by referral patterns, so they may not reflect the true sex ratio.

Brain Circuits Generates Anxiety

Researchers have identified connections between neurons in brain systems associated with reward, stress, and emotion. Conducted in mice, the new study may help untangle multiple psychiatric conditions, including alcohol use disorder, anxiety disorders, insomnia, and depression in humans.

Understanding these intricate brain systems will be critical for developing diagnostic and therapeutic tools for a broad array of conditions. The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) also provided major support for the research. NIAAA and NIMH are parts of the National Institutes of Health. The study was published in Nature Neuroscience.

Depression In Women May Affect Their Children's Stress & Physical Life

New research suggests that depression in women may affect their children's stress and physical well-being throughout life. Researchers followed 125 children from birth to 10 years. At 10 years, mothers' and children's cortisol (CT) and secretory immunoglobulin (s-IgA), markers of stress and the immune system were measured, mother-child interaction was observed, mothers and children underwent psychiatric diagnoses, and children's externalizing and internalizing symptoms were reported. The study was published in Depression & Anxiety.

Resignation Syndrome Affecting Refugee Children

The researcher examined the raising concerns about an outbreak of a severe trauma-related mental disorder known as traumatic withdrawal syndrome, or resignation syndrome. The recent legal action resulted in the urgent medical evacuation of a child in an unconscious state following a progressive social withdrawal and failure to speak, eat or drink. The child was unresponsive, dehydrated and at risk of death from the physical complications of this extreme state.

Nerve Stimulation Improves Quality Of Treatment In Depression Patients

According to a study, researchers estimated the quality-of-life(QOL) change associated with treatment as usual (TAU, any antidepressant treatment) versus adjunctive vagus nerve stimulation treatment (VNS + TAU) in a population of patients with treatment-resistant depression (TRD) for 5 years.

People with depression who are treated with nerve stimulation experience significant improvements in quality of life, even when their depression symptoms don't completely subside. The study was published in The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry.

Global Seeks On Managing Dementia Symptoms

New research which brings together the views of the world's leading experts has concluded that non-drug approaches should be prioritized in treating agitation in people with Alzheimer's disease. They provided more specific guidance on the management of behavioral and psychological symptoms in people with Alzheimer's disease. The study was published in International Psychogeriatrics.

Bipolar Individuals, Depressive Symptoms Negatively Affect Sexual Function

A recent study has found that in bipolar individuals, depressive and manic symptoms appear to negatively affect sexual functioning. Using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, researchers conducted structured interviews with 60 participants with bipolar disorders and 60 age-matched controls. Depressive and manic symptoms were evaluated. Sexual function was evaluated using the international indices of erectile function (IIEF) and female sexual function index (FSFI).