All news from Psychiatry

brain training

Repeated Action: To Form Good Habits

You can hack your brain to form good habits – like going to the gym and eating healthily – simply by repeating actions until they stick, according to new psychological research involving the University of Warwick. Dr Elliot Ludvig from Warwick’s Department of Psychology, with colleagues at Princeton and Brown Universities; have created a model…

kids

Kids Prefer Friends Who Talk Like They Do

Children tend to prefer to be friends with other children who speak with the same local accent as they have, even if they grow up in a diverse community and are regularly exposed to a variety of accents; according to research published by the American Psychological Association. “It is common knowledge that adults unconsciously discriminate against others…

virtual reality

People Behave Differently In Reality Than In Real Life

Immersive Virtual Reality Immersive virtual reality (VR) can be remarkably lifelike, but new UBC research has found a yawning gap between how people respond psychologically in VR and how they respond in real life. People expect VR experiences to mimic actual reality and thus induce similar forms of thought and behavior. The study used virtual reality to…

Obsessive Compulsive May Mental Illness In Youth

Obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCS) in youth may be an early warning sign for subsequent mental illness, including psychosis, new research suggests. Investigators analyzed data from the Philadelphia Neurodevelopmental Cohort (PNC), consisting of over 7000 youngsters ranging in age from 11 to 21 years. Participants, who were not seekers of mental health services, were screened for OCS as well as other psychiatric disorders.

Erasing Memories Associated With Cocaine Use

Researchers identified the brain circuits that form memories associating environmental cues with cocaine use. Targeting these memories may improve the success of exposure therapy to prevent relapse. Forty to 60 % of all people treated for substance use disorders relapse, presenting a major challenge to treatment success.

Vital Exhaustion As Risk Factor For Dementia

A new study suggests that vital exhaustion which can be perceived as an indicator of psychological distress is a risk factor for future risk of dementia. Researchers from the Department of Public Health, University of Copenhagen have, in collaboration with the National Research Centre for the Working Environment, and the Danish Dementia Research Centre, shown that being distressed in late midlife is associated with a higher risk of dementia in later life. 

Personalize Treatment For Five New Insomnia Subtypes

Dutch researchers have identified five novel subtypes of insomnia, which may lead to more personalized treatments for insomnia. The subtypes are largely unrelated to sleep complaints but rather are differentiated by biologically based traits and life history. They are stable over time and are associated with comorbid depression, treatment responses, and findings in encephalographic event-related potentials, the investigators note.