You can hack your brain to form good habits – like going to the gym and eating healthily – simply by repeating actions until they stick, according to new psychological research involving the University of Warwick. Dr Elliot Ludvig from Warwick’s Department of Psychology, with colleagues at Princeton and Brown Universities; have created a model…
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Children tend to prefer to be friends with other children who speak with the same local accent as they have, even if they grow up in a diverse community and are regularly exposed to a variety of accents; according to research published by the American Psychological Association. “It is common knowledge that adults unconsciously discriminate against others…
Immersive Virtual Reality Immersive virtual reality (VR) can be remarkably lifelike, but new UBC research has found a yawning gap between how people respond psychologically in VR and how they respond in real life. People expect VR experiences to mimic actual reality and thus induce similar forms of thought and behavior. The study used virtual reality to…
Obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCS) in youth may be an early warning sign for subsequent mental illness, including psychosis, new research suggests. Investigators analyzed data from the Philadelphia Neurodevelopmental Cohort (PNC), consisting of over 7000 youngsters ranging in age from 11 to 21 years. Participants, who were not seekers of mental health services, were screened for OCS as well as other psychiatric disorders.
Researchers identified the brain circuits that form memories associating environmental cues with cocaine use. Targeting these memories may improve the success of exposure therapy to prevent relapse. Forty to 60 % of all people treated for substance use disorders relapse, presenting a major challenge to treatment success.
A new paper reviews the scientific basis and effectiveness of pharmacogenetic (Pgen) tests in guiding the choices and doses of psychiatric medications for treating the major depressive disorder (MDD) and related psychiatric conditions.
A new study suggests that vital exhaustion which can be perceived as an indicator of psychological distress is a risk factor for future risk of dementia. Researchers from the Department of Public Health, University of Copenhagen have, in collaboration with the National Research Centre for the Working Environment, and the Danish Dementia Research Centre, shown that being distressed in late midlife is associated with a higher risk of dementia in later life.
Dutch researchers have identified five novel subtypes of insomnia, which may lead to more personalized treatments for insomnia. The subtypes are largely unrelated to sleep complaints but rather are differentiated by biologically based traits and life history. They are stable over time and are associated with comorbid depression, treatment responses, and findings in encephalographic event-related potentials, the investigators note.
Half of parents are unaware that their adolescent has thought about committing suicide, and three fourths of parents are unaware that their child thinks about death frequently, new survey data show. Further, adolescents often deny thoughts of suicide when parents do ask about it.
Engaging in repetitive and ritualistic behavior is part of typical child development. However, behaviors that develop into obsessive and compulsive symptoms may represent a red flag for serious psychiatric conditions.
A new psychotropic drug for treating adults with schizophrenia met its primary endpoint and was "generally well tolerated" in a phase 2a study, according to its developers, Sunovion Pharmaceuticals Inc. and PsychoGenics Inc.