All news from Psychiatry

OCD

Alterations In Brain Connectivity In OCD atients

Obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) is a mental disorder in which a person feels the need to perform certain routines repeatedly (called “compulsions”), or has certain thoughts repeatedly (called “obsessions”). The person is unable to control either the thoughts or activities for more than a short period of time. Common compulsions include hand washing, counting of things, and checking to see if a door…

Stress exposure in adolescence

Stress Exposure In Adolescence Increases Vulnerability And Risk

In individuals, stress exposure in adolescence increases vulnerability and risk of developing psychopathologies in adulthood; such as drug addiction, mood, anxiety, addiction to gambling; attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Researchers at the Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona observed in animal models that the ability to control the source of stress diminishes its effects and could reduce the…

Behavioral Therapy

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy May Affect Neural Processing

Individuals suffering from panic disorder and agoraphobia experience panic symptoms such as accelerated heart rate; shortness of breath, and dizziness. These symptoms can come about when it is difficult or embarrassing to escape a situation; when the person believes they cannot receive help; or where they perceive they have little control over the situation. Furthermore,…

Behaviors

Identifying Dementia Warning Signs Before Diagnosis

A new study has revealed that family caregivers and professional care assistants can retrospectively identify signs of dementia in those who go on to develop the condition, which could lead to earlier diagnosis of the illness. The research carried out by Birmingham City University academics Catharine Jenkins and Dr. Gerald Feldman could help people to…

Anxiety and Depression

Smartphones Help Better Understand The Nature Of Depression

Decades of research into anxiety and depression have resulted in the development of models that help explain the causes and dimensions of the two disorders. For all of their well-established utility however; these models measure differences between individuals and are derived from studies designed using few assessments that can months or even years apart. In…

Schizophrenia

Antipsychotic Polypharmacy Beneficial For Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is a mental disorder by abnormal behavior, strange speech and a decreased ability to understand reality. Other symptoms include false beliefs, unclear or confused thinking, hearing voices that do not exist; reduced social engagement and emotional expression; lack of motivation. People with schizophrenia often have additional mental health problems such as anxiety, depressive or substance-use disorders. Symptoms typically come on…

Major depression

Excitatory Neurons And Associated With Major Depression

They looked in the prefrontal cortex; a brain area involved in complex behaviors like planning, personality; social behavior and known to have an important role in the pathogenesis of major depression; and found that making the SIRT1 gene inactive in excitatory neurons there created symptoms of depression. When, like in real life; stress, not direct…

Depression

Cannabis Use As A Teenager Linked To Depression

A new study has shown that at least 400,000 cases of adults with depression in the US could have been avoided if greater measures were in place to discourage teenage use of cannabis. The results of this new study were published this week in the latest issue of the journal JAMA Psychiatry. The study from researchers…

Gut Bacteria

Gut Bacteria In Quality Of Life And Depression

For the first time, a population-based study has shown a link between gut bacteria and mental health; providing the strongest support to date that microbiota can influence mood, investigators note. “The notion that microbial metabolites can interact with our brain and thus behavior and feelings is intriguing; but gut microbiome-brain communication has mostly in animal…

psychiatry

Better Diet Could Alleviate Symptoms Of Depression Finds Study

It has been speculated earlier that a healthy diet can raise the mood and reduce symptoms of mild depression. A new study proves the cause and effect of a healthy diet and improved symptoms of depression. because  The results of the new study titled, “The effects of dietary improvement on symptoms of depression and anxiety…

Head injury

Mental Health Disorders Common In Mild Head Injury

A new study reveals that approximately 1 in 5 individuals may experience mental health symptoms up to six months after mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI); suggesting the importance of follow-up care for these patients. Scientists also identified factors that may increase the risk of developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and/or major depressive disorder following mild…

Social media

Social Media Use Predicts Depression Over Time

Longitudinal data from adolescents and young adults show no evidence that social media use predicts later depressive symptoms; according to research published in Clinical Psychological Science; a journal of the Association for Psychological Science. However, the findings do show that relatively higher depressive symptoms predicted later social media use among adolescent girls. This research stands in contrast…