Men and women with high mental well being at the age of 42 were more physically active at the age of 50 compared to those who got lower scores in mental well-being at age 42. Different exercise activities are related to the different dimensions of well-being in midlife. Physical activity or exercise can improve your health and reduce the risk of developing several diseases like type 2 diabetes, cancer and cardiovascular disease.
Physical activity and exercise can have immediate and long term health benefits. Most importantly, regular activity can improve your quality of life. Physical activity is define as any bodily movement produce by skeletal muscles that requires energy expenditure. Physical activity encompasses all activities, at any intensity, perform during any time of day or night. It includes exercise and incidental activity integrate into daily activity.
Activity may not be plan
This integrated activity may not be planned, structure, repetitive or purposeful for the improvement of fitness; also may include activities such as walking to the local shop, cleaning, working, active transport etc. Mental well-being was investigate through three dimensions: emotional, psychological and social well being. Emotional well being indicates overall satisfaction with life and a tendency to have positive feelings.
Psychological well-being refers to experiences of personal growth and the purpose of life. Social well-being tells about relationships with other people and the community. It was a surprise that leisure time physical activity did not predict later mental well-being or subjective health; but mental well being predict physical activity.
It seems that mental well-being is an important resource; hence for maintaining a physically active lifestyle in midlife, says Dr. Tiia Kekäläinen from the Gerontology Research Center; also Faculty of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Jyväskylä, Finland. Investigation of various leisure time physical activities reveal that different activities are associate with the dimensions of well-being in 50-year-old men and women.
Emotional well being
Walking was relate to emotional well-being; so rambling in nature to social well-being and endurance training to subjective health. Although exercise did not predict later mental well being or subjective health in this study; so exercise is important for current mental well-being and health,” Kekäläinen says.
These associations were found among both men and women; but additionally, rambling in nature was link to both emotional well being and subjective health; but only among men. It is possible that rambling in nature means different things for men and women. For example, it correlate with the frequency of vigorous exercise only among men,” Kekalainen says.
The data gather at ages 42 and 50 by questionnaires and interviews for the Jyvaskyla Longitudinal Study of Personality and Social Development (JYLS) were use (n = 303). Prof. Lea Pulkkinen start JYLS in 1968 at the Department of Psychology; so University of Jyväskylä. Later, JYLS has move to the Gerontology Research Center and is led by Research Director Katja Kokko.