Vampire bats could hold the key to new treatments for a range of serious medical problems, but researchers have hit the snag accessing the specimens needed to advance their work. An international team led by The University of Queensland has found a new class of blood pressure-regulating peptides in the venom of the common vampire bat ( Diphylla ecaudata ).
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Schizophrenia is a serious, chronic mental disorder involving a series of symptoms. It is one of the leading causes of disability worldwide. Various symptoms of this disorder, such as delusions and hallucinations, have been shown to be very adequately treated by means of antipsychotics, and their symptomatology can be improved.
The US Food and Drug Administration's (FDA's) Arthritis Advisory Committee (AAC) and Drug Safety and Risk Management (DSaRM) Advisory Committee voted by a large margin to continue to recommend febuxostat (Uloric, Takeda) for some patients with gout-related hyperuricemia after a discussion of a postmarketing study showing possible cardiovascular risk.
An immune system drug may help prevent or delay in a type of multiple sclerosis known as secondary progressive MS, a new study finds.The medication is called rituximab (Rituxan). It's used to treat a number of conditions, including certain blood cell cancers and the autoimmune condition rheumatoid arthritis.
Catheters are used today to deliver drugs directly to tumors to avoid broadcasting toxic chemotherapy agents throughout the body. Nevertheless, half of the drug can escape to the rest of the body, causing side effects. Doctors treating liver cancer teamed up with chemical engineers to design a polymer-coated device that can be temporarily placed in the vein coming out of the liver to absorb unused drugs, potentially lowering risk.
Led by researchers at RCSI (Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland), a team of researchers has developed a new treatment for tuberculosis (TB). This work could offer a practical treatment that has the potential to be scaled-up and mass-produced for clinical testing.
Spirulina is celebrated as a so-called "superfood" because of its possible beneficial properties, although its mechanism of action is still under investigation. With the scientific name of Arthrospira platensis , spirulina is a cyanobacterium capable of photosynthesis. Sometimes classified as a "blue algae," it was supposedly used as a food by the Aztecs.
New developments in antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) with antibiofilm properties are rapidly materializing. ABP works by inhibiting antibiotic-resistant bacteria in the biofilm through nucleotide signaling molecules.
Canagliflozin (Invokana, Invokamet, Janssen) does not appear to raise fracture risk among patients with type 2 diabetes who are not at risk of fracture, to begin with, new research suggests.
Antibiotics are life-savers. But they're being overprescribed and overused, leading to antibiotic-resistant germs stronger than the drugs available to treat them. This is also creating more drug side effects, allergic reactions and serious infections.