All news from Pathology & Microbiology

Alzheimer's disease

Alzheimer's Disease Is A 'Double-prion Disorder'

Two proteins central to the pathology of Alzheimer’s disease act as prions — misshapen proteins that spread through tissue like an infection by forcing normal proteins to adopt the same misfolded shape — according to new UC San Francisco research. Using novel laboratory tests, the researchers were able to detect and measure specific, self-propagating prion…

Drug can reverse hyperactivity

Drug Can Reverse Hyperactivity Induced by Parasitic Infection

When rodents; infected by Toxoplasma gondii; the single-celled brain parasite that causes toxoplasmosis; they become hyperactive risk-takers. In findings published this week in mBio, researchers show for the first time that it’s possible to reverse that behavioral change. Surprisingly, the study also showed that the restoration of normal behavior resulted from reducing inflammation — and not…

antibiotic-resistant bacteria

Fecal Transplants: Best Answer to Antibiotic-resistant Bacteria

Transplanting human donor fecal microbiota into the colon of a patient infected with Clostridiodes difficile; (C. diff) may be the best treatment for those not helped by C. diff targeted antibiotics; according to an article in the Journal of the American Osteopathic Association. C. diff is the most common healthcare-acquired infection in the United States. It affects nearly half…

Infection

Detailed Map of Lung Immune Response in TB

Tuberculosis (TB), caused by infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis, remains a leading public health problem worldwide. In 2016, 10.4 million people developed TB and 1.7 million patients died from the disease. The challenges to control TB are enormous: resistance to available drugs; against M. tuberculosis is increasing; whereas the only available vaccine against TB is only partially…

Ginkgo seed

Ginkgo Seed Extracts: Show Antibacterial Activity on Skin Pathogens

Extracts from the seeds of the Ginkgo biloba tree show antibacterial activity on pathogens; that can cause skin infections such as acne, psoriasis, dermatitis and eczema, a study at Emory University finds. Frontiers in Microbiology is publishing the results of laboratory experiments; showing that the extracts inhibit the growth of Cutibacterium acnes, Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pyogenes.  “It was…

Microorganism

How 'Superbug' E. coli Clones Take Over Human Gut

A ‘superbug’ clone of E. coli has evolved to prevent itself from becoming so dominant that it could potentially wipe out the bacteria from existence, scientists led by the University of Birmingham have discovered. The researchers investigated how and; why a clone of E. coli called ST131 — dubbed a ‘superbug’ because; it is resistant to multiple…

the secret superpower

Revealed: The Secret Superpower That Makes C. difficile Deadly

A new discovery about dangerous Clostridium difficile diarrhea has identified; a new way that the bacteria – and possibly others like it – cause severe disease. “C. diff” is the most common hospital-acquired infection; the Centers for Disease Control estimate it results in 453,000 cases per year; with 29,300 associated deaths. The new finding from…

Mechanism of a protein upon infection

A Protein upon Infection of The 'Fasciola hepatica'

Fasciola hepatica is a parasite that causes on average 3.2 million in losses in the agricultural sector every year worldwide. It is a two-centimeter-long worm at adult size that mainly affects ruminants; by means of water or raw vegetables that act as vehicles of infection. Moveover, in developing countries with deficient sanitary control systems; more…

antibiotic resistant infection

Enterococcus faecalis Causes Antibiotic Resistant Infection

A new study led by a research team from Massachusetts Eye and Ear; and Harvard Medical School describes how bacteria adapted to; the modern hospital environment and repeatedly cause antibiotic-resistant bloodstream infections. Infections acquired by hospitalized patients; are more often antibiotic-resistant than those that occur elsewhere; and hospitals invest considerable effort to prevent them. Despite…

Salmonella

Infection Biology: Gut Microbe Helps Thwart Salmonella

Salmonella enterica is the name of a group of rod-shaped bacteria that can cause gastroenteritis in humans and other animals. Salmonella infections can have serious consequences for certain high-risk groups; such as babies, young children; the elderly and individuals whose immune systems are functionally; compromised. Most people with a normal complement of gut microflora (microbiota)…

Spotlight on ECCMID 2019

Spotlight on ECCMID 2019: Detecting Disease & Managing Infections

The European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ECCMID) 2019 aims to showcase the best speakers, workshops, and innovations in the fields of clinical microbiology and infectious diseases. So, RAI Amsterdam will host ECCMID 2019, which features global leaders and specialists across all disciplines in the microbiology and infectious diseases field. However, from “meet-the-expert”…

Infection

Incidence of Staphylococcus aureus Infection in Australia's Hospitals

Since its implementation in 2009, the National Australian Hand Hygiene Initiative (NHHI) has seen significant, sustained improvements in hand hygiene compliance among Australian healthcare workers, and reduced risks of potentially fatal healthcare-associated Staphylococcus aureus infection, according to new research being presented at this year’s European Congress of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases (ECCMID) in Amsterdam, Netherlands,…