The United States lags behind other countries in home dialysis, but Kaiser Permanente research finds it safe to expand use in a large, integrated health care system. “Patients who start dialysis at home generally have a better lifestyle, fewer symptoms, and more opportunities to retain employment,” said lead author Leonid V. Pravoverov, MD, chief of nephrology for Kaiser Permanente’s East Bay service area.
“The overall quality of life is know to be better for these patients.” When kidneys fail, dialysis is the most common way to help keep the body in balance by removing excess wastes and maintaining safe levels of minerals in the blood. It also helps to control blood pressure. The blood can be clean in 2 ways: outside the body with hemodialysis; which uses an artificial kidney to remove wastes and takes place in a hospital or dialysis center, 3 or more times per week; or, inside the body with peritoneal dialysis, which is done daily at home, usually during sleep.
The overall quality of life
In 2008, Kaiser Permanente in Northern California launch a system wide Optimal Starts approach to increase at-home dialysis; so which include patient and caregiver education; so provider education and support tools, streamline systems-level processes; also monitoring and continuous quality improvement.
“The large-scale expansion of in-home dialysis was made feasible using a multidisciplinary, integrate, coordinate care approach, with excellent outcomes in patients with advance kidney disease,” said senior author Alan S. Go, MD, research scientist with the Kaiser Permanente Division of Research in Oakland, California.
Home peritoneal dialysis
The study identified 13,500 adult members of Kaiser Permanente in Northern California who initiated chronic dialysis between 2008 and 2018. Among people who initiated at-home peritoneal dialysis; 80% of patients remain on it one year after starting; with a significant increase from 2008 (69%) to 2017 (84%). Death rates after one year for patients starting at home peritoneal or center base dialysis did not change over 11 years of the study.
Go noted that, compared with the United States, rates of at-home peritoneal dialysis are substantially higher in other parts of the world, including Hong Kong (70%), Mexico’s Jalisco region, New Zealand, and Canada (19%). For a variety of reasons; rates of at-home dialysis in the United States are less than 10%. “Peritoneal dialysis remains underutilized nationally,” Go said. “Our study shows that it is possible to greatly expand its use successfully in a large; integrate health care system; also improve outcomes for patients with chronic kidney disease.”