Medical and nursing care; This pension system is attracting attention so as a contentious issue in the House of Councillors election. But medical treatment and nursing care are also important points of contention when considering life after retirement. Political parties are called on to deepen the debate over how to maintain the system; which people can receive such services with ease.
Medical and nursing care
Medical insurance and nursing insurance are systems under which medical treatment; also care are provide when people become ill or require nursing care. The Japanese systems are characterize by the fact that extensive services; which can be secure by paying only a certain portion of insurance costs. However, with the aging of the population; so these systems are in danger of losing their sustainability.
In 2040, when the population of elderly people will reach its peak, the rate of expenses for social security benefits as a part of gross domestic product will rise from the current 21.5% to 24%. The increase will be most remarkable in the medical and nursing care sectors. Costs must be prevent from swelling while assessing which services are necessary. To this end, it is indispensable to take measures to establish the order of priority.
There are not a few hospitals that accept elderly patients who are not seriously ill; also put them in high cost sickbeds for seriously sick patients. While limiting sickbeds use in this way; hospitals are called on to increase the number of sickbeds; hence to help patients recuperate before leaving hospital. Secure caregivers; Home-visit nursing care provides support services including shopping and housecleaning. But the recipients of these services include those who are able to lead a relatively self-reliant life; so drawing criticism that they are “using the home care service as a substitute for a housekeeper.”
Possible for senior citizens
Concerning support services for household chores; so it is imperative to look into transferring the service to be undertake by local governments. Diseases suffer by the elderly are mostly lifestyle relate ones including diabetes. Dementia is also common. Home care is a field in which demand is anticipate to increase in the years to come.
It is necessary to make it possible for senior citizens to lead their lives in the familiar place of their homes without anxiety, by enhancing home medical care and strengthening connections between medical treatment and nursing care. To prepare for such an environment, it is essential to secure personnel, for nursing care services in particular. It is imperative to make efforts such as raising pay for caregivers and decreasing their burden by introducing nursing robots. It is also necessary to study how to accept foreign workers in the nursing care sector.
As a measure to enhance the sense of ease in post-retirement life; so the Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan (CDPJ) proposes a system of setting a ceiling for the total amount of bills paid by individuals; so for such services as medical and nursing care, according to the level of their income. The proposal is meant to be a measure for low-income earners; but the CDPJ is called on to explain in detail to eligible voters how it secure fiscal resources to cover the portions of costs that exceed the amount set by such ceilings.