Children's admission to a pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) for opioid overdoses nearly doubled between 2004 and 2015, highlighting the broad-ranging impact of the current opioid crisis in the United States, a new study shows. The study, published online in Pediatrics, is the first to evaluate the effect of the opioid epidemic on pediatric critical care.
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Researchers have found that temporarily increasing the dosage of inhaled steroids when asthma symptoms begin to worsen does not effectively prevent severe flare-ups, and may be associated with slowing a child's growth, challenging a common medical practice involving children with mild-to-moderate asthma.
Researchers from the Murdoch Children's Research Institute (MCRI) have developed a rotavirus vaccine that provides earlier protection from dehydrating diarrhea for infants and young children.
A new prospective study shows that, most infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) do not require follow-up for pulmonary hypertension (PH),
Maternal influenza and tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccinations during pregnancy do not increase the risk for hospitalization or death among infants from birth to 6 months, a new study showed. The data add to a growing body of evidence on the safety of vaccination during pregnancy. The study findings are published in the journal Pediatrics.
Physicians at the Medical University of South Carolina ( MUSC ) report the first pediatric use of a treatment for complications from botulinum toxin therapy . According to the findings of a study published in The Journal of Pediatrics , disorders from botox treatment of muscle disorders were reversed when caught early.
The new research was carried out at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health and College of Physicians and Surgeons. They reported that pediatric patients (age <5) who underwent minor surgery requiring anesthesia had a 26% risk of developing mental disorders at the later stage. Based on these outcomes, the potential neurodevelopmental risks of anesthesia in children reduced with the delay in the minor procedure, findings published in the journal Anesthesia & Analgesia .
Heart murmur that resolves when a child moves from a supine to a standing position can reliably rule out pathologic heart murmurs in pediatric patients, a study found. Implementing this low-cost clinical assessment could avoid unnecessary cardiologist referrals and anxiety in parents and children, the researchers write in Annals of Family Medicine.