All news from Paediatrics

Adolescence

Low Levels Of Vitamin D In School Could Spell Trouble In Adolescence

Vitamin D deficiency in middle childhood could result in aggressive behavior; as well as anxious and depressive moods during adolescence; according to a new University of Michigan study of school children in Bogotá, Colombia. Children with blood vitamin D levels suggestive of deficiency were almost twice as likely to develop externalizing behavior problems aggressive; and…

Time out

Time Out Is A Parenting Strategy That Is Misunderstood And Misused

Time out is a parenting strategy that is often misunderstood and misused; with a plethora of conflicting information online, often highlighting the potential harms. Yet the evidence shows it can be effective for children aged two to eight years  when used occasionally, calmly, briefly and when the process is pre-planned and understood by both parent…

Microbes

Mother’s Microbes May Be A Signifier Of Child’s Future Health

You might have been born with your mother’s eyes, but you also got many of her microbes. And that might be a good thing, according to Noel Mueller an assistant professor in the Department of Epidemiology; at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. “You are essentially free of microbes in the intrauterine environment;…

Language

Genetic Link Between Children’s Language And Mental Health

A new study suggests there may be genetic explanations for why some children with poor language also have poor mental health. The University of York-led study examined genetic variants;’ in six genes that thought to contribute to language development in children. The researchers used Polygenic scoring, a statistical technique which adds up the effect of…

Brain injury

Researchers Refine Guidelines For Pediatric Brain Injury

When a child suffers a head trauma; medical professionals are in high gear to prevent further damage to a developing brain. Measuring and regulating the child’s level of carbon dioxide is critical to ensuring the brain; is getting enough blood oxygen to prevent a secondary brain injury. High carbon dioxide can increase intracranial pressure; while…

School

Wiggling The Beats May Lead A Better Performance At School

Marching, wiggling and tapping a beat aids young children to develop their self-regulation skills; and improve school readiness, as shown in newly-published QUT early childhood research. Associate Professor Kate Williams designed a low-cost preschool program focussing; exclusively on rhythm and movement activities linked; to pathways in the brain to support attentional and emotional development. “Think…

Premature

Summer Premature Births Fall Into Early Education

Premature Children, fall into an earlier school year are more likely to experience significant setbacks in their education after their first year of school, according to new research. Previous research has already shown that children born severely prematurely; more than ten weeks early, are more likely to suffer educational problems. But the new findings highlight…

Prescription drug misuse

Prescription Drug Misuse Common In High Schoolers

Misuse of prescription drugs is common among high school students; and those misusing prescription drugs frequently obtain them from multiple sources, according to two studies published in the July issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. However, adolescent controlled prescription drug misuse (PDM) co-occurs with significant consequences, including lower…

Accidents

Deadly Childhood Accidents Can Be Prevented By Psychology

“Many different factors contribute to unintentional injuries, so if we are able to stop just one of these risk factors; the injury could be prevent,” said David C. Schwebel, Ph.D., of the University of Alabama Birmingham, who presented at the meeting. “By using novel behavioral strategies, we can possibly prevent injuries that have previously seen…

Overweight

Abundant Screen Time Linked With Overweight Among Children

A recently completed study indicates that Finnish children who spend a lot of time in front of screens; have a heightened risk for overweight and abdominal obesity, regardless of the extent of their physical activity.  Lifestyle factors, such as low levels of physical activity; and a greater amount of time spent in sedentary behaviors have…

Autism

Pivotal Response Training For Kids With Autism To Talk

As children with autism are less socially motivated than typically developing children; parents‘ instincts about how to engage them often do not succeed, said Grace Gengoux, PhD, clinical associate professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences. PRT gives parents a way to breach this barrier. Pivotal response treatment involving parents works better in motivating children with…

Obesity

Overweight, Obesity May Up Early Mortality Risk In Children

For Mexican children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL); overweight and obesity are predictors of early mortality, according to a study published in BMC Cancer. Mortality during the induction remission phase in developed countries is ~ 1–2% . Nevertheless, in developing countries, mortality during this treatment stage is extraordinarily high as it has reported in Honduras (20.8%),…