All news from Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Bariatric Surgery

Bariatric Surgery: Higher Risk Of Pregnancy Complications

Women who have undergone weight-loss surgery appear to at higher risk of developing complications during pregnancy; their babies seem more likely to born prematurely; small for gestational age, have congenital anomalies and be admitted to intensive care, according to the most comprehensive assessment of how bariatric surgery affects pregnancy outcomes; being presented at this year’s…

Premenstrual syndrome

Women Suffer From Premenstrual Syndrome

Many women suffer from premenstrual syndrome (PMS), but some experience a severe and possibly disabling subset of PMS known as premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD). “It is important for our patients to understand that there’s help for PMDD,” said Dr. George Henning, a family medicine physician with Penn State Health. “There are effective treatment measures that…

Placenta

Placental Function Linked To Brain Injuries

Allopregnanolone (ALLO), a hormone made by the placenta late in pregnancy; is such a potent neurosteroid that disrupting its steady supply to the developing fetus can leave it vulnerable to brain injuries associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD); according to Children’s research presented during the Pediatric Academic Societies 2019 Annual Meeting. In order to more…

Asymptomatic bacteriuria

Screen In Pregnancy: USPSTF Urges Asymptomatic Bacteriuria

Bacteriuria is the presence of bacteria in the urine. Bacteriuria accompanied by symptoms is a urinary tract infection while that without is as asymptomatic bacteriuria. Diagnosis is by urinalysis or urine culture. Escherichia coli is the most common bacterium found. People without symptoms should generally not be tested for the condition. Differential diagnosis includes contamination. If symptoms are present treatment…

Drinking in pregnancy

U.S. Women Drink During Pregnancy

Even though the harms to babies are well, one in nine pregnant women in the United States drinks alcohol; new research shows. In one-third of those cases, frequent binge drinking is also often involved. What’s more, the rate of drinking during pregnancy is actually on the rise, with a slight uptick in the rate over the…

Home Pregnancy Tests

Home Pregnancy Tests Can Return False Negative Results

Each year, women in the U.S. rely on some 20 million home pregnancy tests to learn potentially life-altering news. Despite marketing claims that such tests are 99 % accurate, over the past decade has shown that up to 5 % of pregnancy tests return results indicating a woman is not pregnant when, in reality, she…

Pregnant woman's

Decision-Making For Incapacitated Pregnant Women

Pregnancy, also known as gestation, is the time during which one or more offspring develops inside a woman. A multiple pregnancy involves more than one offspring, such as with twins. Pregnancy can occur through sexual intercourse or assisted reproductive technology. Childbirth typically occurs around 40 weeks from the last menstrual period (LMP). This is just over nine months, where each month averages 31 days. Half of all U.S. states…

Opioids during pregnancy

In Pregnancy, Buprenorphine Use Up, Methadone Use Down

From 2009 to 2015, the prevalence of methadone use decreased and buprenorphine use increased among Medicaid-enrolled pregnant women with opioid use disorder, and the 4Ps Plus and Substance Use Risk Profile-Pregnancy (SURP-P) scale are sensitive for identifying illicit drug use, according to two studies published online April 5 in Obstetrics & Gynecology. Elizabeth E. Krans, M.D.,…

The placenta

3-D Modelling Identifies Nutrient Exchange In The Human Placenta

The placenta is a temporary organ that connects the developing fetus via the umbilical cord to the uterine; wall to allow nutrient uptake, thermo-regulation, waste elimination; gas exchange via the mother’s blood supply; to fight against internal infection; to produce hormones which support pregnancy. Placentas are a defining characteristic of placental mammals but are in marsupials and some non-mammals with varying levels of development. Therefore…

Fertility

Factors That Impact Fertility Preservation Decisions

The last thing on most teens’ minds is whether or not they want to have kids someday. But transitioning transgender adolescents are forced to consider whether to preserve their sperm or eggs at a young age. Whether or not they pursue fertility preservation is influencing by certain key factors; such as their family values, gender…

3-DNA

3-DNA: Baby Praises New Fertility Treatment

The Greek mother of the first baby born using DNA from three people the revolutionary technique; that helped her conceive and thanked the mystery woman who donated her egg. Under the terms of the treatment; she was not to meet the donor, said 32-year-old Matina Karavokyri. But she had a message for the woman whose…

Herbals In Pregnancy

Herbals In Pregnancy May Endanger Mom, Baby

During pregnancy, even harmless-sounding “natural” supplements should avoid; a new research review suggests. The review of 74 published studies found that a handful linked certain herbal products to increased risks of pregnancy complications including preterm birth and cesarean delivery. That’s not proof that the supplements were to blame, said, senior researcher. Instead, they pointed to…