All news from Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Menopausal women

Wrist Uncover Often-Missed Artery Changes In Menopausal Women

While research shows that age, gender and body mass index (BMI) play important roles in cardiovascular disease risk; it is not clear why the risk spikes in menopausal women. Researchers in this study used radial pulse waves; measuring the beat of the heart through the artery at the base of the wrist. Checking radial pulse…

Cervical cancer

Stress In Cervical Cancer Patients Associated With Higher Risk Of Cancer

Psychological stress was associated with a higher risk of cancer-specific mortality in women diagnosed with cervical cancer. “Patients receiving a cancer diagnosis are at increased risk of several stress-related psychiatric disorders; such as depression, anxiety, and stress-reaction and adjustment disorders,” Lu said. “Emerging evidence from both experimental and epidemiological studies indicates that psychological distress might…

Menopause

Fractional CO2 Laser Improves Vaginal Health After Menopause

Fractional CO2 laser therapy is more effective than intravaginal promestriene; or vaginal lubricant for improving vaginal health in women with genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM); researchers from Brazil report. “The most interesting aspect for us was the significant improvement of the vaginal maturation; and the Vaginal Health Index (VHI) score after the laser treatment, congruous…

Cervical disease

New Choice For Young Women With Pre-Cancerous Cervical Disease

A single test for women has been shown to aid in predicting which cases of precancerous cervical disease will become more serious, helping with decisions on whether or not surgery is needed, according to a study led by Queen Mary University of London. For thousands of young women who receive a diagnosis of cervical dysplasia;…

Birth-Control

Study Finds Worrisome Birth-Control Knowledge Gaps

A new study has uncovered concerning gaps in knowledge about birth-control effectiveness. The research, conducted in the Vietnam capital of Hanoi, included four forms of contraception: IUDs, birth control pills; male condoms and withdrawal. About half of the women in the study who used condoms mistakenly thought they were the most effective pregnancy prevention. Condoms…

Unwanted pregnancy

Global Burden Of Unwanted Pregnancy Decreased By New device

University of Otago academics invented a device that could help decrease the global burden of unwanted pregnancy. This invention will make it safer and easier for birth attendants, such as midwives; to insert an intra uterine contraceptive device (IUD) immediately after a woman gives birth. Unwanted pregnancy One of the inventors, Associate Professor Michael Stitely;…

Sleep quality

Sleep Quality And Plague Women With Premature Ovarian Insufficiency

Sleep disturbances are a frequent complaint of women in the menopause transition and post menopause. A new study demonstrates that women with premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) who are receiving hormone therapy have poorer sleep quality; and greater fatigue than women of the same age with preserved ovarian function. It is estimated that 40% to 50%…

Vaginal microbiome

Ovarian Cancer Risk Influenced By Vaginal Microbiome

Women under the age of 50 who have diagnosed with ovarian cancer; or carry the BRCA1 mutation that increases ovarian cancer risk were found to have lower levels of protective bacteria in their cervico-vaginal microbiome; when compare with healthy controls and nonmutation carriers. The fact that the microbiota deficient in protective lactobacilli species; in women…

Uterus

Study Identifies Cells Required For The Development Of Healthy Uterus

Knowledge of the biological processes involved in the development of the uterus is important for understanding uterine health and fertility. A research team led by investigators at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) has uncovered important insights; on a type of cell that is critical for the formation of a functioning uterus. These cells are defined by…

Endometriosis

Immune Cell Discovery Could Provide Relief From Endometriosis

A key cause for the pelvic pain experienced by women with endometriosis has been uncovered; potentially opening new opportunities for pain relief for the condition. The Greaves lab, now part of Warwick Medical School at the University of Warwick; along with collaborators at the University of Edinburgh; have discovered how cells in our immune system…

Estrogen

Low Estrogen Causes Muscle Loss In Women After Menopause

Pioneering research shows the essential role played by the female hormone estrogen in preserving muscle bulk and strength in women. Muscles need to repaired following injury to maintain their strength and function. It has long known that male sex hormones like testosterone and related compounds have potent muscle-building action. The current University of Minnesota study shows that in…

Endometriosis

Study Finds New Treatment For Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a chronic condition that affects an estimated 1 in 10 women of reproductive age; but the underlying causes remain little understood. The EU-funded MOMENDO project is studying the molecular mechanisms; behind the condition in an effort to identify new treatment options and improve patient outcomes. However, endometriosis is sometimes mistaken for other conditions…