All news from Neurology

Alzheimer's

Alzheimer’s Linked To Genes: Formation Of Contacts Between Neurons

A team of neurobiologists from Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University (SPbPU) published an article on their study of the causes of Alzheimer’s disease and suggested therapy methods. The scientists believe the disease is associate with the genes that code the formation of contacts between neurons. The team also discovered a substance that could…

Epilepsy

Hope For ‘Intractable’ Epilepsy In Children By Two Ways

About 470,000 children are living with epilepsy in the U.S. While there are over a dozen anti-seizure medications that can be prescribed, approximately 30% of children do not respond. These children have what medical professionals call intractable, or uncontrollable. As a postdoctoral scholar in the lab of Chris Dulla at the Sackler School of Graduate Biomedical Sciences…

General Knowledge

Links Between General Knowledge And Characteristics Of The Brain

The brains of people with excellent general knowledge are particularly efficiently wired. This is shown by neuroscientists at Ruhr-Universität Bochum and Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin using magnetic resonance imaging. Crystallize intelligence is defined as the depth and breadth of knowledge and skills that are value by one’s culture. The accumulation of crystallize intelligence is guide by…

Speech development

Speech Development Starts In The Womb

New parents are always thrilled when their offspring finally speaks its first words; usually at the age of 12 to 18 months. What parents often do not know is that the regions of the brain that recognize; and child’s speech development start to specialize at a much earlier stage. An interdisciplinary working group of the…

Parkinson's Disease

Smart Brain Stimulators: Next-Gen Parkinson’s Disease Therapy

Researchers at the University of Houston have found neuro biomarkers for Parkinson’s disease; that can help create the next generation of “smart” deep brain stimulators; able to respond to specific needs of Parkinson’s disease patients. Those with the disease often undergo the high-frequency brain stimulation; a well-established therapy for the progressive nervous system disorder that…

Holocaust survivors

Holocaust Survivors And Their Children Brain Changes

Holocaust survivors may have suffered permanent harmful changes to their brain structure;and the brains of their children and grandchildren may also be affected, a small study reveals. “After more than 70 years, the impact of surviving the Holocaust on brain function is significant,” said researcher Ivan Rektor, a neurologist from Brno, Czech Republic. MRI scans…

Music Therapy

Brains Become Synchronised During Music Therapy

For the first time researchers have been able to demonstrate that the brains of a patient; and therapist become synchronised during a music therapy session, a breakthrough that could improve future interactions between patients and therapists. The research, publish; in the journal Frontiers in Psychology, carry out by Professor Jorg Fachner and Dr. Clemens Maidhof…

Lymphatic Vessels

Meningeal Lymphatic Vessels Answers Questions About Brain Clearance

Scientists led by Dr. Gou Young Koh report the basal side of the skull as the major route, a so called “hotspot” for CSF drainage. They found that basal meningeal lymphatic vessels (mLVs) function as the main plumbing pipes for CSF. They confirmed macromolecules in the CSF mainly runs through the basal mLVs. Notably, the…

Neuronal networks

Hidden Dynamics Detected In Neuronal Networks

Neuronal networks in the brain can process information particularly well when they are close to a critical point; or so brain researchers had assumed based on theoretical considerations. However, experimental investigations of brain activity revealed much fewer indicators of such critical states than expected. Scientists from Forschungszentrum Jülich and RWTH Aachen University have now proposed…

EEG recordings can improve our understanding of epileptic seizures

EEG Recordings Can Provide Better Understanding Of Epileptic Seizures

Pyramidal graphs resulting from statistical analyses of EEG recordings can improve our understanding of epileptic seizures. A statistical approach squeezes more detailed information out of a current method of measuring brain signals in epileptic seizures, adding new insight into how these signals originate and spread. Recordings of epilepsy patients Visual inspection of electroencephalography (EEG) recordings…

Protein

Taking Out The Protein Garbage Becomes More Difficult As Neurons Age

Cells dispose of harmful “trash” through autophagy; a normal and necessary process in which aggregate protein and dysfunctional structures are handled. If any part of this fails, waste builds up inside cells; eventually killing them. According to a new study from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania; as cells age, their…

Neuron

Neuroscientists Discover Neuron Type That Acts As Brain’s Metronome

By measuring the fast electrical spikes of individual neuron in the touch region of the brain; Brown University neuroscientists have discovered a new type of cell that keeps time so regularly; that it may serve as the brain’s long-hypothesized clock or metronome. This type of neuron spikes rhythmically, and in a synchronized manner, independent of…