People who drink lots of sugar-sweetened soda and fruit juices may be more likely to develop chronic kidney disease than those who do not, a US study suggests. Researchers examined survey data on drinkable among 3,003 African-American men and women who were 54 years old on average and did not have kidney disease. After following participants for about 8 to 10 years, found that 185 people, or 6%, developed chronic kidney disease.
After Accounted for factors Researchers That can Contribute to kidney damage : such as smoking, obesity, high blood pressure, diabetes, and inactivity, That They found mainly drinking sodas and sweetened fruit drinks associated with a Were 61% higher risk of kidney disease. When they looked at the benefits, they found the main culprit.
"These findings add to the body of literature on the adverse health effects of sugar-sweetened beverages and support to avoid their recommendations," said lead study author Casey Rebholz of Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore . "It is widely accepted that sugar-sweetened beverages, such as soda and sweetened fruit drinks, should be avoided to reduce one's risk of developing chronic diseases such as obesity, hypertension, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease," Rebholz said by email.
However, the current findings offer a new insight into the possibility of kidney disease, Rebholz said. Taken on its own, soda was associated with a 9 percent higher risk of kidney disease, and higher intakes of tea and beer were also associated with greater odds of kidney disease , the researchers report in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, online December 27. No other individual types of beverages were associated with kidney disease.
The researchers examined the data from 2000 and 2004. Then they monitored people until 2013 to see who developed kidney disease. From the dietary questionnaires , identified four patterns of beverage, labeling each one with the drink categories the person consumed the most, followed by the next most-consumed and the third most-consumed. For example, one pattern was characterized by high juice of citrus juice, other fruit juice, and vegetable juice, in that order.
The pattern associated with higher kidney disease risk included soda, sweetened fruit juices, and water, in that order. The connection between water and kidney damage in combination with soda and sugary fruit drinks was a surprise, the study team writes. It's possible, however, that participants counted flavored and sweetened water or sports drinks as part of their water intake on questionnaires, the authors note. This might mean the effect of water more closely resembled other sugary drinks than it would if people consumed only plain water.