All news from Nephrology

Psychiatric Illnesses

Psychiatric Illnesses Common In Adults And Children With Kidney Failure

New research indicates that psychiatric illnesses are common in children; and adults with kidney failure, and hospitalizations for such illnesses are associated with a higher risk of early death in adults. The findings, which appear in an upcoming issue of CJASN; suggest that clinicians who care for hospitalized patients with kidney failure; should be aware…

Kidney Disease

New Insights Into Kidney Disease And Potential Therapies

An international team of researchers led by Nanyang Technological University; Singapore (NTU Singapore) has grown ‘miniature kidneys‘ in the laboratory that could be used to better understand how kidney diseases develop in individual patients. The mini kidneys, known as kidney organoids, grown outside the body from skin cells; derived from a single patient who has…

Medicaid

Kidney Transplants Covered By Medicaid Increased In States

Medicaid expansion has helped more young; low-income adults with advanced kidney disease to avoid the costs; and poor quality-of-life associated with dialysis, reports a study in the Journal of General Internal Medicine from researchers at Drexel University College of Medicine and the Dornsife School of Public Health at Drexel. The study included 15,775 United States…

Electronic health records

Electronic Health Records Accurately Identify Patients Likely To Have CKD

A tool that used data from electronic health records accurately diagnosed chronic kidney disease; in patients treated at five diverse health care organizations, according to a published study. “A major barrier to appropriate CKD management; delayed identification of individuals with the disease,” Jenna M. Norton, of the National Kidney Disease Education Program at the NIH in…

Pre-Eclampsia

Pre-Eclampsia Increases Risk Of End Stage Kidney Disease

Pre-eclampsia has been suggested to increase the risk of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD); however, most studies were unable to adjust for potential confounders including pre-existing comorbidities such as renal disease and cardiovascular disease (CVD). They aimed to examine the association between preeclampsia and the risk of ESKD in healthy women; while taking into account pre-existing…

Faulty Gene

Faulty Gene Leads To Kidney Disease Study Says

Lead author Dr Louise Farmer and the research team discovered that a protein called TRPC6; which controls how calcium enters cells, also acts as an ‘anchoring’ protein in the kidney, controlling how kidney cells called podocytes; move around and maintain the structure of the kidney’s filter. New insights into why a faulty gene involved in…

Pregnancies

Race Associated With Likelihood Of Pregnancy After Kidney Transplant

A variety of patient factors including race, age and cause of ESKD affected the likelihood of pregnancy for kidney transplant recipients; with researchers finding that Hispanic women had greater rates of pregnancy than white women. “Childbearing is an integral part of women’s lives,” Silvi Shah, MD, assistant professor in the division of nephrology, Kidney CARE Program;…

Kidney Transplantation

Urinary Obstruction Following Kidney Transplantation Identified

A research group from the Medical University of Vienna has successfully described the histological features; of urinary obstruction in humans the first time. Using data obtained from kidney transplant patients; it might be possible in the future to identify potentially dangerous complications following a kidney transplantation at an earlier stage; and thus provide prompt treatment.…

Extreme Heat

ESRD: Extreme Heat Tied To Risk For Hospitalization, Death

Even a single day of extreme heat, associated with an increase risk for same-day hospital admission; and same-day mortality in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), new research suggests. Climate change; is a well-known risk factor for a variety of conditions, but little attention has paid to the specific impact of extremely hot temperatures on…

Palliative care

Palliative Care In Patients With ESKD: Racial And Ethnic Disparities

Palliative care is team-based care focused on improving quality of life; and reducing suffering for people with serious illness and their families. Palliative care which better aligns medical treatments with patients’ goals and wishes; aggressively treats distressing symptoms, and improves care coordination; is associated with shorter hospital stays and lower costs; according to research published…

Dialysis

Several Models Accurately Predict Mortality At Dialysis Initiation

Dialysis is a preference-sensitive decision where prognosis may play an important role. Although patients desire risk prediction, nephrologists are wary of sharing this information. They reviewed the performance of prognostic indices for patients starting dialysis to facilitate bedside translation. However, several prognostic models performed well in predicting survival for patients starting dialysis; and could be…

Acute kidney injury

Using Aartificial Intelligence To Predict Acute Kidney Injury

A team of researchers from DeepMind, the U.S. Veterans Administration and several other institutions in the U.K. and the U.S. has applied artificial intelligence; to the problem of detecting acute kidney injury in hospitalized patients. In their paper published in the journal Nature, the group describes their deep learning project and how well it performed.…