All news from Nephrology

Polycystic kidney disease

Water As A Potential Treatment For Kidney Failure

People with polycystic kidney disease (PKD) could benefit from a moderate increase in water intake; according to new research. A study from The Westmead Institute for Medical Research finds that a moderate increase in water intake with PKD led to a long-term reduction in kidney cyst growth and fibrosis. These latest findings add to the…

Kidney Disease

Secondhand Smoke Linked With Higher Kidney Disease

Kidney disease, or renal disease, also known as nephropathy; is damage to or disease of a kidney. Nephritis is an inflammatory kidney disease and has several types according to the location of the inflammation. Inflammation can diagnosed by blood tests. Nephrosis is non-inflammatory kidney disease. Nephritis and nephrosis can give rise to the nephrotic syndrome…

Chronic kidney disease

Cause Of Vascular Disease In Kidney Failure

By loading a chelation drug into a nano-sized homing device; which kills more people in the United States each year than breast or prostate cancer. When kidneys stop working properly; calcium builds up in artery tissue, leading to heart disease. Although nearly half a million Americans receive kidney dialysis; heart disease is the leading cause…

Urine Cells

Create Kidney Organoids From Urine Cells

Clinical urine tests are various tests of urine for diagnostic purposes. The most common is a urinalysis (UA); one of the most common methods of medical diagnosis. The word is a portmanteau of the words urine and analysis. Other tests are urine culture (a microbiological culture of urine) and urine electrolyte levels. The target parameters that can measure or quantify in urinalysis include naked-eye (gross) examination for color and smell plus analysis…

Acute kidney injury

Cardic Bypass Surgery Did Not Reduce Acute Kidney Injury

Acute kidney injury (AKI), previously called acute renal failure (ARF); is an abrupt loss of kidney function that develops within 7 days. Its causes are numerous. Generally it occurs because of damage to the kidney tissue caused by decreased kidney blood flow (kidney ischemia) from any cause (e.g., low blood pressure), exposure to substances harmful to the kidney, an inflammatory process in the kidney, or an obstruction…

Dialysis

Older Adults With Advanced kidney Disease

The older man told her he wanted to go home; he had a good life and was ready for its end. He did not want aggressive care — including dialysis having witnessed his wife and son die painfully in intensive care years ago. Wong to follow the man’s wishes, but other physicians; eager to pursue…

Glomerulonephritis

kidney Failure A Man's Disease

A new analysis of the ERA-EDTA Registry reveals a striking gender difference in the incidence and prevalence of end-stage renal disease. Two-thirds of all dialysis patients in Europe are male. It seems beyond hormonal effects that hypertension; diabetes and glomerulonephritis/sclerosis are the main drivers of the gender gap. However, it is possible to prevent and…

Acute kidney disease

Kidney Disease Affects Revascularization Outcomes

Kidney disease, or renal disease, also known as nephropathy, is damage to disease of a kidney. Nephritis is an inflammatory kidney disease and has several types according to the location of the inflammation. Inflammation can diagnose by blood tests. Nephrosis is non-inflammatory kidney disease. Nephritis and nephrosis can give rise to the nephrotic syndrome and nephrotic…

Acute kidney injury

Care May Improve Outcomes For Patients With Acute Kidney Injury

Acute kidney injury (AKI), an abrupt or rapid decline in kidney function, is an increasingly prevalent and potentially serious condition that often arises due to certain health problems or medical treatments that deprive the kidneys of normal blood flow or damage kidney tissue. A new study appearing in an upcoming issue may help improve the…

Renal cell carcinoma

Non-Clear Cell Kidney Cancer Monotherapy With Pembrolizumab

While immunotherapy has made quite an impact on the treatment of renal cell carcinoma, most of these tumors are have clear cell histology; and patients with non-clear cell renal cell carcinoma (nccRCC) are often excluded from clinical trials. Now, one of the first trials in this specific patient population has shown promising activity with monotherapy with pembrolizumab (Keytruda, Merck). “The…

Human Kidneys

One Step Closer To Growing Made-To-Order Human Kidneys

In a study with significant implications for human organ transplantation, researchers have successfully grown functional mouse kidneys inside rats from just a few donor stem cells. The results of the study, led by researchers from the National Institute for Physiological Sciences in Japan; will publish in an upcoming issue of Nature Communications. For patients with end-stage…

Dialysis Patients

Difficult For Dialysis Patients To Exercise

A new study has identified several barriers that make it difficult for dialysis patients to exercise. The study, which appears in an upcoming issue of the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (CJASN), also explored the benefits that these patients would like to gain from exercising if they were able to do so. People with…