All news from Microbiology

Vaccination

Single Vaccination To Combat Influenza And Pneumococcal Infections

Scientists from the University of Adelaide’s Research Centre for Infectious Diseases have developed a single vaccination; approach to simultaneously combat influenza and pneumococcal infections; the world’s most deadly respiratory diseases. The researchers say a single vaccination combining vaccines from the new class of vaccines they are developing; will overcome the limitations of current influenza and…

Bacterial Infection

Phage Therapy Treats Patient With Drug-Resistant Bacterial Infection

The patient, a 15-year-old girl, had come to London’s Great Ormond Street Hospital for a double lung transplant. It was the summer of 2017, and her lungs were struggling to reach even a third of their normal function. She had cystic fibrosis, a genetic disease that clogs lungs with mucus and plagues patients with persistent…

Worm

Worm Behavior Might Have Implications On Human Disease

Repetition can be useful if you are trying to memorize a poem; master a guitar riff, or just cultivate good habits. When this kind of behavior becomes compulsive, however, it can get in the way of normal life; an impediment sometimes observed in psychiatric illnesses like Tourette’s syndrome and autism spectrum disorders. Now, Rockefeller scientists…

Gut Microbiomes

Women Display Greater Biodiversity In Gut Microbiomes

The human gut microbiome is a complex microbial ecosystem that plays an important role in our health. For example, these microbes—bacteria, viruses, fungi—help regulate metabolism, fend off infections, produce essential vitamins and break down dietary fiber. They may also be bio-markers of health and disease. A recent study by researchers at University of California San…

The Flu Virus

Low Humidity Promotes Transmission Of The Flu Virus

Yale researchers have pinpointed a key reason why people are more likely to get sick; and even die from flu during winter months: low humidity. The study was published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS). Other authors are Eriko Kudo, Eric Song, Laura Yockey, Tasfia Rakib, Patrick Wong, and Robert Homer.…

Fungal Pathogen

Exploring How A Hazardous Fungal Pathogen 'Tastes'

Researchers at the University of Bath and Rothamsted Research was examining ; but “fungal G-protein coupled receptors,” which are similar to taste receptors; on our tongues, are involving in promoting Fusarium Head Blight (FHB); a damaging and hazardous disease of wheat which is the number one floral disease in cereals globally. Fusarium Head Blight targets…

Drug-Resistant Bacteria

New Ways To Combat Drug-Resistant Bacteria And Fight Cancer

After 20 years of dedicated research, scientists have cracked the chemical code of an incredibly complex; but ‘anti-tumor antibiotic’ which is highly effective against cancer cells; as well as drug-resistant bacteria, and have reproduced it synthetically in the lab for the first time. This major breakthrough and world-first could hail a new era in the…

Microfluidic Device

New Organ-On-Chip Breakthrough Study

A simple innovation the size of a grain of sand means we can now analyze cells; and tiny particles as if they were inside the human body. The new micro-device for fluid analysis will enable more tailored experiments in drug development and disease research via new ‘organ-on-chip‘ systems. It could also transform water contamination testing…

Microbiology

Technology Support Antimicrobial Stewardship Programs

The incorporation of information technology (IT) into an antimicrobial stewardship program help improve efficiency of the interventions and facilitate tracking and reporting of key metrics, including outcomes, according to a Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA) white paper published in the society’s journal Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology. Reporting of key metrics Antimicrobial resistance…

Genomics

Studying Bacteroides fragilis Using Genomics

MIT researchers have analyzed population genomics and metagenomics to investigate the microbiome; but evolution of Bacteroides fragilis, one of the most prevalent bacteria found in humans’ large intestines. In a paper published April 23 in the journal Cell Host & Microbe; the authors describe how the common gut microbe adapts and evolves within individuals as well…

Antimicrobial Frog Secretions

Study Unravels Mystery Of Antimicrobial Frog Secretions

Japanese scientists including researchers at Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology (TUAT); and Yokohama National University have identified the molecular mechanism that gives the skin secretions of a species of frog; effective antimicrobial properties. Their findings were published on February 20, 2019 in ACS Applied Bio Materials. The Bombina variegata frog, also known as Yellow Bellied…

Special Soap

A Special Soap Might Kill Antibiotic-Resistant Superbugs

Hospitals and nursing homes in California and Illinois are testing a surprisingly simple strategy against the dangerous; antibiotic-resistant superbugs that kill thousands of people each year; washing patients with a special soap. The efforts—funded with roughly $8 million from the federal government’s Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; are taking place at 50 facilities in…