When resources are limited, one week of combined amphotericin B deoxycholate and flucytosine may be the best choice for reducing the risk of death from cryptococcal meningitis in HIV-positive individuals, according to a new Cochrane Review.
All news from Microbiology
Scientists have deciphered mechanisms that help the cholera bacterium to survive grazing predators in aquatic environments. The cholera-causing bacterium, Vibrio cholerae, is commonly found in aquatic environments, such as oceans, ponds, and rivers. There, the bacterium has evolved formidable skills to ensure its survival, growth, and occasional transmission to humans, especially in endemic areas of the globe.
Food scientists at the National University of Singapore (NUS) have given okara – the residue from the production of soy milk and tofu, and is usually discarded – a new lease of life by turning it into a refreshing drink that contains live probiotics, dietary fiber, free isoflavones and amino acids. By encapsulating these nutrients in a beverage, they can be easily absorbed into the body, and promote gut health.
Researchers at Arizona State University and the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota, have found that at least one type of blue clay may help fight disease-causing bacteria in wounds, including antibiotic-resistant bacteria. The findings appear in the International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents.
Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (also known as CPE) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae continue to be the most commonly reported organisms with critical resistances to antimicrobials across Australia, according to a national report released.
The use of mud or wet clay as a topical skin treatment, or poultice, is a common practice in many cultures. In fact, the concept of using mud as medicine goes back to the earliest times.
Eating white button mushrooms can create subtle shifts in the microbial community in the gut, which could improve the regulation of glucose in the liver, according to a team of researchers. They also suggest that better understanding of this connection between mushrooms and gut microbes in mice could one day pave the way for new diabetes treatments and prevention strategies for people.
Elderly individuals with fewer teeth, poor dental hygiene, and more cavities constantly ingest more dysbiotic microbiota, which could be harmful to their respiratory health, according to new research published in the journal mSphere. The findings come from a large, population-based study that identified variations in the tongue microbiota among community-dwelling elderly adults in Japan.
Microbiome modulation using narrow-spectrum antibiotics can improve rotavirus vaccine immunogenicity, according to a proof-of-concept trial.
A mathematical model created by University of Illinois researchers could help scientists better understand an intriguing characteristic of microbial communities: their ability to achieve stability despite being so diverse.
Bacteria — especially Gram-negative strains — are becoming increasingly resistant to current antibiotic drugs, and the development of new classes of antibiotics has slowed.
Faced with these challenges, investigators are studying the potential of combination therapy, in which two or more drugs are used together to increase or restore the efficacy of both drugs against a resistant bacterial pathogen.
Now new research indicates that such synergy may work even when bacteria become resistant to colistin, which is considered a treatment agent of last resort.