All news from Microbiology

Threat at Vietnam: Bacterial Resistance to Last-Resort Antibiotic

Researchers at Osaka University have discovered that polymyxin E-resistant Escherichia coli is widely prevalent among people living in rural Vietnam. Polymyxin is an antibiotic that is used to prevent the growth of Gram-negative bacteria such as E.coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa . It is one of a few remaining drugs that can treat multidrug-resistant bacteria and is categorized as a last-resort antibiotic by the World Health Organization.

Sequencing Gut Microbes Shows Differences Between IBD and IBS

A team of researchers with members from the Netherlands and the U.S. has found differences in the numbers of gut microbes for patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).

In their paper published in the journal Science Translational Medicine the group describes how they sequenced the genome of gut microbes in patients with bowel problems and what they found.

Combating Drug-resistant Microbes: Phage Therapy Draws Renewed Interest

The married professors were spending their Thanksgiving holiday in Egypt when the husband, Thomas L. Patterson, Ph.D., got very sick very quickly, experiencing fever, nausea and a racing heartbeat. By the time Patterson was accurately diagnosed with a highly multi-drug resistant bacterial infection, he was near death. His wife, Steffanie Strathdee, Ph.D., promised to leave no stone unturned.

Gut Bacterium: Role in Reversing Insulin Resistance

Move over Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus. There's a new health-promoting gut bacterium in town, and it's called Akkermansia muciniphila. You will not find its benefits at the bottom of a yogurt cup. But a new study has identified more than one way to nurture its growth in the gut and offered evidence that it may maintain—and even restore—health as we age.

Mycobacterium Chimaera Infections, An Ongoing Global Outbreak

An ongoing global outbreak of Mycobacterium chimaera infections is associated with contamination of a widely used surgical device, the 3T heater-cooler unit, researchers report. The outbreak began in Switzerland in 2011, and since then the Swiss Chimaera Taskforce estimates an annual incidence of 156-282 cases for the Ten major valve replacement markets, with 51-80 cases in the U.S. alone.