All news from Medical Toxicology

Overdose Deaths

New Government Estimates Offer Early Hope That Drug Overdose Deaths

After years of sharp increases in important drug overdose deaths in the U.S.; provisional federal data provide reason for cautious optimism. According to the new study, after two decades of near-constant upticks, the drug overdose death rate decreased slightly between 2017 and 2018; Between 1999 and 2017 the age-adjusted overdose mortality rate increase from 6.1…

Lead

Lead Is Toxic, And The Damage That It Does

Lead, however, is toxic at any dose. It serves no purpose in our body. Unlike most other toxins that our body can eliminate through metabolism and excretion; our body has no ability to purge lead. As a clinical toxicologist; I care for children and adults who have been exposed to lead and assure that those…

Mercury

Students Eating Tuna: Lack Knowledge About Mercury Exposure Risks

A surprising number of students eating in university dining halls have been helping themselves to servings of tuna; well beyond the amounts recommended to avoid consuming too much mercury; a toxic heavy metal. Researchers at UC Santa Cruz surveyed students outside of campus dining halls on their tuna consumption habits and knowledge of mercury exposure…

Swimming Pool

Effectiveness Of Water Treatment Processes For Swimming Pools

In this study, different combinations of conventional and advance treatment processes were apply to lower the concentration; of DBPs and their precursors in pool water by using a pilot-scale swimming pool model; operate under reproducible and fully controlled conditions. To mitigate microbial activity in swimming pools and to ensure hygienic safety for bathers; pool systems…

Carbon monoxide

Carbon Monoxide Exposure and Poisoning

Carbon monoxide (CO) is a colorless, odorless, and nonirritating gas that is often describe as a silent killer; because exposure may not be detect until the onset of severe symptoms. Symptoms of CO poisoning are nonspecific and include headache, nausea, vomiting; dizziness, confusion, chest pain, and loss of consciousness. Severe poisoning can result in myocardial…

Antidepressants And Opioid

Interaction Between Antidepressants And Opioid Pain Medication

Antidepressants; common antidepressants interact with the opioid pain medication tramadol; but to make it less effective for pain relief, according to a study from University Hospitals (UH). These findings have important implications for the opioid epidemic; suggesting that some patients suspected of drug-seeking may in fact be under-medicated; and just are seeking more effective pain…

Risk of infection after using oral steroid

Oral Steroids And The Risk Of Infection In Inflammatory Disease

Risk of infection in oral steroid use in patients with the inflammatory diseases polymyalgia rheumatica and/or giant cell arthritis significantly increased the risk of infection, and the risk increased with higher doses, found a study in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal). In a large study of almost 40 000 adult patients with polymyalgia rheumatica or giant cell arteritis…

Resistant Bacterial Strain

Prolonged Transmission Of A Resistant Bacterial Strain

Resistant Bacterial Strain; Researchers have used whole genome sequencing (WGS) to demonstrate transmission of a single bacterial strain; that possessed a carbapenem-resistance gene in a northern California hospital. However, the gene armed the bacteria with resistance to carbapenems, a type of antimicrobial drug reserved as a last-line treatment for serious infections. But the research is…

Adverse effect of chemotherapy on heart

Chemotherapy Can Have Adverse Effect The Heart

Chemotherapy; Cheryl Krafft was diagnose with an aggressive form of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma; and was put on a very high-power chemotherapy regimen to rid her body of the cancer. What she was not counting on was the chemotherapy causing another equally deadly problem. “I was experiencing shortness of breath and fatigue during my treatment; and I…

Keeping allergy at bay

Discovery Of New Cells Keeps Allergy At Bay

Allergy; recently researchers of the Australian National University (ANU) have claimed that they can stop allergies before they begin. The finding gives hope to people who live with a range of allergic conditions including asthma, eczema and life-threatening anaphylaxis. The lead researcher and Ph.D. scholar Pablo F Canete has claimed to be found new cell…

ECMO

ECMO: Miracle Machine Saves People From The Brink Of Death

ECMO; The latest miracle machine in modern medicine whose use has skyrocketed in recent years; but is saving people from the brink of death: adults whose lungs have been ravaged by the flu; a trucker who was trapped underwater in a crash; a man whose heart had stopped working for an astonishing seven hours. But for…

NHS braces itself for more deaths

NHS Braces Itself For More Deaths After Listeria

NHS; Public health officials have issued a warning to hospitals to be on red alert due to a listeria outbreak; but that is causing fatalities among patients. The Listeria bacterium has an incubation period of up to 70 days, meaning the NHS is expecting; but more patients to die from the infection listeriosis. The number…