All news from Medical Toxicology

Air Pollution

Americans Who Are Exposed To Toxic Air Pollution Face Cancer Risks

Even after the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency concluded last summer that the same gas; is responsible for some of the nation’s biggest cancer risks from toxic air pollution, it took months before residents of Michigan’s second-largest city discovered they had an ethylene oxide problem. EPA scientists had determined the lifetime cancer risk; in one Grand…

PM10

Low Level Of Exposure To Traffic Related PM10 Can Be Harmful

Air pollution is made up of both gaseous and particulate matter 10 (PM10). However, each year almost two million people die as a direct result of air pollution; with many more experiencing impaired lung function; developing lung diseases such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However research; on the effects of low level…

Overdose

Overdose Deaths Are Increased In Cities Than In Rural Areas

The report by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; said the urban overdose death rate surpassed the rural rate in 2016 and 2017. Rates for last year and this year are not yet available. But experts, citing available data; say the urban rate is likely to stay higher in the near future. The difference…

Overdose Deaths

New Insights On Overdose Deaths, Socioeconomics

A new study led by George Mason University’s College of Health and Human Services; found new insights into the link between county socioeconomics; and segregation on drug overdose deaths. The study found that socioeconomic factors and segregated counties may affect the rate of drug overdose deaths independently and differently among racial and ethnic groups. This…

overdose

Device Could Automatically Deliver Drug To Reverse Opioid Overdose

Opioid users tend to be alone and incapacitated during an overdose. Purdue University researchers are developing a device that would automatically detect an overdose and deliver naloxone; a drug known to reverse deadly effects. “The antidote is always going to be with you,” said Hyowon “Hugh” Lee; an assistant professor of biomedical engineering at Purdue.…

Childcare centers

Childcare Centers Exposed To Pollution Leads To Health Risks

In a paper published in the Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health; University of Melbourne researchers have analysed childcare locations and road vehicle density in inner-city Melbourne. Urban childcare centers must be built away from busy urban roads to minimize kids’ exposure to traffic pollution, experts warn. However, the paper highlights increasing evidence…

Intensity oil

Congenital Heart Defects In High Intensity Oil And Gas Areas

Mothers living near more intensity oil and gas development activity have a 40-70% higher; chance of having children with congenital heart defects (CHDs) compared to those living in areas of less intense activity; according to a new study from researchers at the Colorado School of Public Health. “They observed more children were being born with…

Particulate matter

Particulate Matter Pollution Linked To Mortality, Lower Life Expectancy

Current concentrations of fine particulate matter pollution; which mostly meet the national ambient air quality standard, are associated with mortality and loss of life expectancy in the US, with larger impacts in poorer counties; according to a study publish in the open-access journal PLOS Medicine by an international team of researchers from the Center for…

Workplace injury

Workplace Injury Contribute To Rise In Suicide, Overdose Deaths

Drug overdoses and suicides have been rising since 2000; and are major contributors to a 3‐year decline in US life expectancy. Studies suggest that workplace injury have elevated rates of depression and opioid use; but no studies have measured excess mortality related to these risks. A study co-authored by Boston University School of Public Health…

Heart toxicity

Key Metabolic Changes In Patients: Chemotherapy-Related Heart Toxicity

More and more patients are being treated successfully for cancer. However, some cancer treatments that are very effective for breast cancer – medications like anthracyclines; and trastuzumab can cause heart toxicity and lead to heart failure. Heart-related side effects can limit the amount of cancer therapy that patients are eligible to receive. Currently, there is…

Fireworks

Measuring Levels Of Pollutants After Independence Day Fireworks

The U.S. recently celebrated the Fourth of July with dazzling;fireworks displays in many cities. After the “oohs” and “ahhs” faded, some people might have wondered how the lingering gunpowder-scented smoke affected air quality. Now researchers reporting inACS Earth;and Space Chemistry have conducted detailed measurements and found increased levels of several pollutants after an Independence Day…

overdose

Over 1 Million Years Of Life Lost In Ohio From Overdose Deaths

The drug addiction epidemic continues to plague the country; and thousands of lives are cut short each year due to overdose. Tragically, when a person’s life ends prematurely, much of their potential impact on the world is lost as well. This includes both lost benefits to society and lost experiences for family and friends left…