All news from Medical Toxicology

Respiratory Mortality

Air Pollution May Raise Cardiovascular And Respiratory Mortality

Using health and environmental data from the Multi-City Multi-Country (MCC) Collaborative Research Network database, Yuming Guo, MD, PhD, of the department of epidemiology; and preventive medicine at Monash University in Melbourne; Australia, and colleagues assessed the association between inhalable particulate matter (PM10) and fine particulate matter (PM2.5) with daily all-cause; CV and respiratory mortality in…

Polluted areas

Heart Attack Treatment Is Higher In Polluted Areas And In Winter

Study author Dr Rafal Januszek of the University Hospital in Krakow; Poland said: Epidemiological studies have reported negative impacts of pollution on the cardiovascular system; but the effects on specific diseases were unclear. They also show for the first time that patients from areas with cleaner air are more sensitive to changes in pollution, while…

Neuropsychiatric disorders

Study Supports Link Between Pollution And Neuropsychiatric Disorders

A new study led by University of Chicago researchers suggests a significant link between exposure; to environmental pollution and an increase in the prevalence of neuropsychiatric disorders. Based on analysis of large population data sets from both the United States and Denmark, the study, published in PLoS Biology; found poor air quality associated with increased…

Pollutants

Vehicle Exhaust Pollutants Linked Risk Of Common Eye Condition

Long term exposure to pollutants from vehicle exhaust linked to a heightened risk of the common eye condition; age-related macular degeneration, or AMD for short; suggests research published online in the Journal of Investigative Medicine. Exposure to the highest levels of air pollutants; associated with an almost doubling in risk among those aged 50 and…

overdose

Distribution Of The Opioid Reversal Drug For Overdose

The researchers examined the cost-effectiveness of increased distribution; of naloxone to laypeople likely to witness or experience overdose; police and firefighters, and emergency medical services. “Before this, there hadn’t been research on the cost-effectiveness of equipping first responder groups with naloxone; and how that compares to equipping laypeople,” said Tarlise (Tarlie) Townsend; a doctoral candidate…

Cigarettes

Long-Term Exposure To Air Pollution Is Similar To Smoking Cigarettes

Long-term exposure to air pollution, is like smoking about a pack of cigarettes a day for many years, says study, and like smoking, lead to emphysema. The study, published in the medical journal JAMA, is the largest of its kind. It looked at exposure to air pollution specifically to ground-level ozone, fine particulate matter, nitrogen oxide…

cannabis

Cannabis-Related Poison Control Calls For Massachusetts Children

After medical marijuana became legal in Massachusetts; cannabis-related poison control calls involving the commonwealth’s children and teenagers doubled; according to a public health investigation led by University of Massachusetts Amherst injury prevention researcher Jennifer Whitehill. The increase in calls to the Regional Center for Poison Control; and Prevention at Boston Children’s Hospital occurred despite legislative…

Emphysema

Air Pollution May Accelerate Emphysema Progression

Long-term exposure to common air pollutants associated with significant progression of emphysema; according to an 18-year study published in JAMA. “They were surprised to see how strong air pollution’s impact was on the progression of emphysema on lung scans; in the same league as the effects of cigarette smoking, which is by far the best-known…

Drug interactions

Women And Elderly At Higher Risk Of Dangerous Drug Interactions

The analysis, conducted in the Brazilian health care system; and recently published in the journal npj Digital Medicine, revealed a 60 % increased risk for adverse drug interactions in women compared to men and a 90 % increased risk in cases of medicines whose interaction is known to produce dangerous reactions. In older people; one…

Air Pollution

In Low-Income Black Neighborhoods, Air pollution Is Serious Problem

Air pollution remains high in pockets of America particularly those where many low-income; a disparity highlighted in research presented at the meeting of the American Sociological Association in New York. Ard used a variety of detailed data sources to examine air pollution; and the demographics of the people who lived in 1-kilometer-square areas; throughout a…

Air Pollution

Lives Are Saved In New York By Lower Air Pollution Levels

An estimate 5,660 lives is saved due to lower air pollution levels in New York State in 2012; compared to 2002 levels, as per a study. The study led by Columbia University’s Lamont-Doherty Observatory atmospheric chemistry research group looked; at New York State levels of a specific kind of pollution known as fine particulate matter,…

overdose

Fewer Drug Deaths Linked To Overdose-Reversing Drug

The number of naloxone prescriptions dispensed by U.S. retail pharmacies doubled from 2017 to last year; rising from 271,000 to 557,000, health officials reported Tuesday. The United States is in the midst of the deadliest drug overdose epidemic in its history. About 68,000 people died of overdoses last year; according to preliminary government statistics reported…