All news from Medical Toxicology

Sperm

Chemicals At Home Responsible For Decreased Fertility In Men

A new study has found that chemical and environmental contaminants; at home and diet could be responsible for decreasing fertility of the men and the domestic pet dogs; living in the house. The results of the new study published in the latest issue of the journal Scientific Reports. Researchers at the University of Nottingham say…

antibiotics

Develop Biophotonic System To Detect Antibiotic Allergies

The detection of allergies to antibiotics is currently with a series of in vivo skin tests; they are invasive, and as such, entail inconveniences. Although in vitro methods do exist; they are not sufficiently sensitive and can lead to an inaccurate diagnosis. Furthermore, only a small number of allergens are analyzed; tests are slow and…

Medications

Medications For Kidney Transplants linked To Skin Cancer

A study led by researchers at RCSI (Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland) has analyzed the pattern of skin cancer rates in kidney transplant patients; which suggests the increased risk is to the anti-rejection medications. The research is published in JAMA Dermatology and was a collaboration between the National Cancer Registry Ireland and the National…

Family member

Persistant Opioid Use Risk Factor For Young Adults

Having a family member with persistent opioid use may a risk factor for young adults continuing prescriptions long after their own surgeries; a new Michigan Medicine study suggests. The presence of one or more family members using long-term opioids before a procedure was associated with a higher likelihood; that adolescents prescribed opioids for the first…

Tobacco and Alcohol

Tobacco And Alcohol May Increase Neural Damage In Brain

Brain damage or brain injury (BI) is the destruction or degeneration of brain cells. Brain injuries occur due to a wide range of internal and external factors. In general, brain damage refers to significant, undiscriminating trauma-induced damage, while neurotoxicity typically refers to selective, chemically induced neuron damage. A common category with the greatest number of injuries is traumatic brain injury (TBI) following physical trauma or head injury from an outside…

Insecticides in microscopic plastic

Encasing Insecticides In Plastic Could Make Them More Toxic

Insecticides in microscopic plastic capsules Encasing insecticides in microscopic plastic capsules a common formulation for many pest sprays on the market could lead to unintended consequences. Environmental toxicologist Stacey Harper and her team found that a common insecticide in its “capsule suspension” formulation – with molecules of the active ingredient encapsulated in tiny; inert plastic…

Toxicology

Toxicology Study Finds Minimal Risk For Maori Consuming eel

A University of Canterbury toxicology study recently published in the New Zealand Medical Journal has concluded that “PFOS residues in eels are likely to be of no concern from a carcinogenicity perspective;” which will likely ease fears around the traditional Māori food. Fished out of waterways around Aotearoa New Zealand and prepared in traditional dishes; freshwater…

Safe Medications

Aims To Prevent Life-Threatening Adverse Reactions To Medications

Pharmacogenomics combines pharmacology, the science of drug actions, with genomics, the study of genes, to predict an individual’s response to specific drugs. The goal of pharmacogenetics is to enable physicians to choose effective, safe medications and doses tailored to a person’s genetic makeup. “The integration of these two fields has the potential to save lives…

Preterm delivery

Drug May Protect Baby From Hazards Of Intraamniotic

Chorioamnionitis also known as intra-amniotic infection (IAI) is an inflammation of the fetal membranes (amnion and chorion) due to a bacterial infection. It typically results from bacteria ascending from the vagina into the uterus and is most often associated with prolonged labor. The risk of developing chorioamnionitis increases with each vaginal examination that is performed in the final month of pregnancy; including during labor. A drug is any substance (other than food that provides…

Misuse Of Prescribed Opioids

Prevalence And Risk Factors For Misuse Of Prescribed Opioids

Opioids are substances that act on opioid receptors to produce morphine-like effects. Medically they are primarily used for pain relief, including anesthesia. Other medical uses include suppression of diarrhea; replacement therapy for opioid use disorder, reversing opioid overdose; suppressing cough, suppressing opioid-induced constipation; as well as for executions in the United States. Opioids bind to and activate opioid receptors on cells located in many areas of the brain,…

Opioid overdose

Opioid Overdose Epidemic Likely To Increase In The U.S

A study from investigators at the Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) Institute for Technology Assessment projects that the opioid overdose; epidemic in the U.S. is likely to increase in coming years and that measures based on restricting access to prescription opioids will have a minimal impact in reducing overdose deaths. Therefore the team notes that the…

Opioid Drugs

Study Uncovers New Threat In The Opiate Epidemic

The opioid epidemic or opioid crisis is a term that generally refers to the rapid increase in the use of prescription and non-prescription opioid drugs in the United States and Canada beginning in the late 1990s and continuing throughout the next two decades. The increase in opioid overdose deaths has been dramatic; opioids are now responsible for 49,000 of the 72,000 drug overdose deaths overall in the US in…