All news from Medical Toxicology

Oral mucositis

New Therapy Targets Painful Side Effect Of Cancer

Oral mucositis is a side effect of cancer treatments like chemotherapy and radiation therapy. It is to affect nearly 400,000 people per year in the US and is by intensely painful sores in the mouth that can cause difficulty talking; swallowing, and eating. Pain from oral mucositis can become so severe that patients require feeding…

Red yeast rice

Red Yeast Rice Supplement Has The Potential To Cause Liver Damage

Red yeast rice supplement has the potential to cause liver damage; warn doctors in the journal BMJ Case Reports after a 64-year old woman developed acute liver injury after six weeks of taking the supplement. Red yeast rice is a supplement made by fermenting steamed rice with food fungus and is often using to lower…

Analgesic

Analgesics In Pregnancy Do Not Seem To Cause Asthma

Following our original epidemiological observations of a positive association between maternal; self-reported, use of paracetamol (acetaminophen) in pregnancy and risk of preschool wheezing1; they subsequently reported a positive association with later childhood asthma2;3. A number of other birth cohort studies have confirmed this findings4; they originally proposed that, if causal, the associations with prenatal exposure…

Common medications

Common Heartburn Medications Leads To Kidney Disease

Heartburn, also known as pyrosis, cardialgia or acid indigestion; is a burning sensation in the central chest or upper central abdomen. The discomfort often rises in the chest and may radiate to the neck, throat, or angle of the jaw. Heartburn is usually due to regurgitation of gastric acid (gastric reflux); into the esophagus and…

Painkillers

Painkillers During Pregnancy Is Not Responsible For Asthma

The research, which uses prescription data on painkillers; does support earlier findings that women taking paracetamol during pregnancy are more likely to have children who develop asthma. However, it also suggests that the painkillers are not the cause of this increase. Should give women reassurance to take painkillers during pregnancy when they are by a…

Sugar-sweetened beverages

Sugary Drinks Tied To Greater Risk Of Premature Death

The more sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) people consumed; the greater their risk of premature death–particularly death from cardiovascular disease, and to a lesser extent from cancer; according to a large long-term study of U.S. men and women. The risk of early death linked with drinking SSBs was more pronounced among women. The study, led by Harvard…

Chagas Disease

Chagas Disease Could Be Just As Effective And Significantly Safer

A two-week treatment course for adult patients with chronic Chagas disease showed similar efficacy and significantly fewer side effects; than the standard treatment duration of eight weeks when compared to placebo; according to the results of a clinical trial in Bolivia led by the Drugs for Neglected Diseases initiative (DNDi). Chagas disease affects an estimated…

Medications

Alleviate Side Effects Of Chemo For Breast Cancer

The researchers also found that a class of medications already approved by the Food and Drug Administration may mitigate these side effects. “They could use this method to find out who’s going to develop chemo-related toxicity and who is not; “And now we have an idea about the cardioprotective medications we can give them.” A…

Opioids

Emotional Component Associated With Pain

Chronic pain involves more than just hurting. People suffering from pain often experience sadness, depression, and lethargy. That’s one reason opioids can so addictive they not only dampen the pain but also make people feel euphoric. What if it were possible to develop a pain killer that could curb the negative emotions associated with pain…

Antibiotic

Antibiotic-Resistant Germs Is Increasing Worldwide

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR or AR) is the ability of a microbe to resist the effects of medication that once could successfully treat the microbe. Therefore the term antibiotic resistance (AR or ABR) is a subset of AMR; as it applies only to bacteria becoming resistant to antibiotics. Resistant microbes are more difficult to treat; requiring alternative medications or…

Medication

Opioid Medication Pose Danger To Kidney Disease

Medication options can limited for people with chronic kidney disease; which is why they often get prescribed opioids to help manage pain. But new research finds that opioids could increase the risk of hospitalization and even death. Researchers examined electronic health records for about 100,000 adults; in a Pennsylvania health care system and compared people…

Gout medicine

Gout Drug Uloric Increases Risk Of Death

A gout is a form of inflammatory arthritis recurrent attacks of a red, tender, hot, and swollen joint. Pain typically comes on rapidly; reaching maximal intensity in less than twelve hours. The joint at the base of the big toe is affected in about half of cases. It may also result in tophi; kidney stones,…