All news from Medical Genetics

Binge and Heavy drinkers

Drinking May Change DNA Resulting For Alcohol

Deoxyribonucleic acid is a molecule composed of two chains that coil around each other to form a double helix carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning; and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses. DNA and ribonucleic acid (RNA) are nucleic acids; alongside proteins; lipids and complex carbohydrates (polysaccharides); nucleic acids are one of the four major types of macromolecules that are essential for all known…

CRISPR-Cas9

Broad Institute To Access CRISPR Cas9 Technology

CRISPR  (Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats); is a family of DNA sequences within the genomes of prokaryotic organisms such as bacteria and archaea. These sequences are derived from DNA fragments from viruses that have previously infected the prokaryote and are used to detect and destroy DNA from similar viruses during subsequent infections. Hence these sequences play a key role in the antiviral defense…

ARDS

Identifies New Genetic Variant Associated With ARDS

Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a type of respiratory failure characterizes by the rapid onset of inflammation in the lungs. Symptoms include shortness of breath, rapid breathing, and bluish skin coloration. Among those who survive, a decreased quality of life is relatively common. An international study in which Javier Belda, researcher, participated, has identified a new genetic variant associated with (ARDS). Genetic variation (GV) means that biological…

weight

Slim People Have A Genetic Advantage

In the largest study of its kind to date, researchers have looked at why some people manage to stay thin while others gain weight easily. They have found that the genetic dice are loaded in favor of thin people and against those at the obese end of the spectrum. More than six in ten adults…

Researchers Fund Links Between Genetic Factors And Health

The FinnGen study, launched in autumn 2017, is a broad academic-industrial collaboration between the Finnish biobanks and their respective Universities, University Hospitals, the Institute of Health and Welfare (THL), the Finnish Red Cross Blood Service and now nine international pharmaceutical companies. The study is funded by the industrial partners and Business Finland.

The Study Shows Genes Affect Where Fat Is Stored

A recent study from Uppsala University you have found that genetic factors influence whether or not you have fat deposits around the trunk or in other parts of your body and that this effect is predominant in women and much lower in men. In the study, which is published in  Nature Communications , the researchers measured how fat was distributed in nearly 360,000 voluntary participants.

Genes With Large Effects On Head And Brain Size

Children's heads expand steadily to accommodate their growing brains, and doctors routinely measure head circumference during the first years of life to assess healthy brain development. Children from around the world follow similar patterns of head growth, and final head size is largely achieved by the age of six years.