Maternity and child health

The study find that Obesity is a growing problem among toddlers, children and adolescents in the United States. Gaining weight and fat mass rapidly during the first six months of life is one risk factor that can lead to obesity in children. The National Diet of Japan  is Japan’s bicameral legislature. It is compose of a lower house; called the House of Representatives; and an upper house; called the House of Councillors.

The first six months of life

Both houses of the Diet are directly elect under a parallel voting system. In addition to passing laws; the Diet is formally responsible for selecting the Prime Minister. First convene as the Imperial Diet in 1889 as a result of adopting the Meiji constitution. Took its current form in 1947 upon the adoption of the postwar constitution and is considered by the Constitution to be the highest organ of state power.

The National Diet Building is located in Nagatachō; Chiyoda, Tokyo. mother’s diet plays in infant growth and body composition. Professor Ellen Demerath and a team of researchers led by postdoctoral fellow Muna Tahir examined diet quality because it is a potentially modifiable factor in obesity prevention. “A baby who is shooting up through the percentiles in weight-for-length during the first six months is two to three times more likely to become obese as early as adolescence;” says Demerath.

Potentially modifiable factor

For this study; the researchers surveyed 354 exclusively breastfeeding mothers from Demerath’s on-going MILK study, which analyzes breast milk composition and its effects on infants. The mothers were asked to detail their dietary intake while pregnant at one and three months after giving birth. Their responses were used to assess the quality of each of the mother’s diets.

Diet quality scores were based on higher intake of certain food categories; such as whole grains, fruits and vegetables, and lower intake of other food categories, such as added sugars and refined grains. The babies of the mothers in the survey are measure for their length-for-age, weight-for-age; and weight-for-length at birth, and then again at one, three and six months of age. Their body fat percent, fat mass and fat-free mass were measured at six months.

Other food categories

“This is evidence that breastfeeding mothers with high quality diets may help their babies be slimmer and have lower percent body fat than those who have lower quality diets; while also supporting healthy growth in length and lean body mass. This bodes well for their risk of obesity later in life,” says Demerath.

Demerath says the next step is to study what is in breast milk that could help babies grow in healthy proportions and body composition. Once that is understand; the information could guide mothers on what to eat to make the most nutritious breast milk.